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City Palace / Sawai Man Singh II Museum

Historical

Photo Credit: Flickr

Distance (From Jaipur Junction Railway Station): 5.5 Kms

Trip Duration (Including Travel): 1-2 Hours

Transportation Options: Bus / Cab / Auto

Travel Tips: Hawa Mahal (One the edge of City Palace), Jantar Mantar (adjacent to City Palace), Govind Devji Temple (Inside City Palace Complex), Sargasuli Tower / Isar Lat (Near Tripolia Gate of City Palace) can be visited along with City Palace.

At a distance of 5.5 km from Jaipur Junction Railway Station, City Palace is a beautiful palace complex situated in the heart of Jaipur City. It was the seat of the Maharaja of Jaipur, the head of the Kachhwa Rajput clan. Part of the palace current houses a museum, though major part is still a royal residence. It is one of the most visit Jaipur tourist places and one among the well preserved forts in India that can be visit as part of Rajasthan packages.

City Palace is one of the most famous tourist attractions and a major landmark in Jaipur. The palace was built between 1729 and 1732 AD by Sawai Jai Singh II. He planned and built the outer walls and later additions were made by successive rulers till the end of 20th century. The City Palace reflects Rajput, Mughal and European architectural styles although it was designed according to Vaastushastra. The Palace is laid in a grid pattern with wide avenues and is surrounded by large walls on all sides. It is a unique and remarkable complex of several palaces, pavilions, gardens and temples. The most prominent structures in the complex are the Chandra Mahal, Mubarak Mahal, Maharani's Palace, Sri Govind Dev Temple and the City Palace Museum. Virendra Pol, Udai Pol near Jaleb Chowk and the Tripoli Gate are the entry gates to the City Palace.

Chandra Mahal is the most commanding building in the City Palace complex. It is a seven-storeyed building and each floor has been given a specific name such as the Sukh Niwas, Ranga Mahal, Pritam Niwas, Chhavi Niwas, Shri Niwas and Mukut Mahal. It contains many unique paintings, mirror work on walls and floral decorations. Sukh Niwas is painted in Wedgewood blue fully decorated with white lining. It has the drawing and dining room of the Maharaja which is fully ornamented with Mughal miniatures, silver and glass dining tables. Shobha Niwas is on the 4th floor of the Chandra Mahal. The Shobha Niwas is fully decorated with mirror walls with blue tiles ornamented with mica and gold leaf. Chhavi Niwas is on the 5th floor which has an elegant floor of blue.

At present, most of this palace is the residence of the descendants of the former rulers of Jaipur. Only the ground floor is allowed for visitors where the Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum is located that displays carpets, manuscripts and other items that belonged to the royal family. There is a beautiful peacock gate at the entry to the Mahal.

Mubarak Mahal was built with a fusion of the Islamic, Rajput and European architectural styles in the late 19th century by Maharaja Madho Singh II as a reception centre. The Diwan-i-Aam is an enchanting chamber, with the ceiling painted in rich red and gold colour. This chamber, now functioning as an art gallery, has exhibits of variety of textiles such as the royal formal costumes, sanganeri block prints, embroidered shawls, Kashmiri pashminas and silk saris as part of the Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum.

Diwan-i-Khas was a private audience hall of the Maharajas, a marble floored chamber. It is located between the armoury and the art gallery. There are two huge sterling silver vessels of 1.6 m height and each with capacity of 4000 liters and weighing 340 kilograms on display here. They were made from 14000 melted silver coins. They are officially recorded by the Guinness Book of World Records as the world's largest sterling silver vessels.

Pritam Niwas Chowk is the inner courtyard, which provides access to the Chandra Mahal. Here, there are four small gates (known as Ridhi Sidhi Pol) that are adorned with themes representing the four seasons and Hindu gods. The gates at the Northeast is a Peacock Gate representing autumn and dedicated to Lord Vishnu; the Southwest gate is Lotus Gate representing summer season and dedicated to Shiva-Parvati; the Northwest gate is Green, also called the Leheriya gate, suggesting spring and dedicated to Lord Ganesha, and, the Rose Gate with repeated flower pattern is Southeast gate representing winter season and dedicated to Goddess Devi.

Maharani's Palace was originally the residence of the royal queens. It has been converted into a museum, where weapons used by the royalty during war campaigns are displayed, including those belonging to the 15th century. The ceiling of this chamber has unique frescoes, which are preserved using jewel dust of semiprecious stones. It also exhibits pistols, ivory handles, cannons, chain mail and swords.

Govind Dev Ji Temple, dedicated to Lord Krishna is part of the City Palace Complex. It was built in early 18th century. It has European chandeliers and paintings of Indian art. The ceiling in the temple is ornamented in gold. Its location provided a direct view to the Maharaja from his Chandra Mahal palace.

Entry Fee: Rs.75 for Indians and Rs.300 for Foreigners

Timings: 9 AM to 5 PM