16 Best Heritage Sites in Uttar Pradesh

City | Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 214 km from Delhi, 242 km from Jaipur, 359 km from Lucknow, 576 km from Bhopal, 847 km from Patna and 876 Km from Ahmedabad, Agra, the land of the Taj Mahal, which is one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is situated on the banks of River Yamuna in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Agra is also among best weekend getaways near Delhi & Noida for a two day trip. Agra is one of the most popular tourist places in India and also one of the most famous tourist places to visit in Uttar Pradesh. Agra is included on the Golden Triangle tourist circuit, along with Delhi and Jaipur.

Agra is one of the most popular tourist destinations of the World with three UNESCO World Heritage monuments - Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri & Red Fort. Agra was first mentioned in the epic Mahabharata, where it was called Agrevana meaning the border of the forest. Sultan Sikandar Lodi (1488-1517) was the first to move his capital from Delhi to Agra in 1504. After his death in 1517, his son Ibrahim Lodi continued to rule, until his defeat in the first battle of Panipat at the hands of the Mughal Emperor Babur in 1526. Agra famously became the capital of the Mughal Emperors from 1526 to 1658. It was known then as Akbarabad and remained the capital of the Mughal Empire under the Emperors Akbar, Jahangir ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 37 km from Agra, 223 km from Delhi and 209 km from Jaipur, Fatehpur Sikri is a deserted fort city in the Agra District of Uttar Pradesh, India. UNESCO declared this complex as a World Heritage Site in 1986. It is one of the popular place to visit along with Golden Triangle tour and also among ideal weekend getaways from Delhi & Noida cities.

Akbar, the greatest Mughal Emperor, was commissioned Fatehpur Sikri in 1569. The city was constructed to honour Sufi saint, Sheikh Salim Chisti, who used to live in a cavern on the ridge at Sikri. Akbar revered him very much as the Saint had blessed him with a son who was named Salim in 1569. Akbar shifted his capital from Agra to Sikri in 1571 and named the city as Fatehabad meaning victorious. This city served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 till 1585 and was later called Fatehpur Sikri. However, 15 years after it was established, the court had to be moved out of Fatehpur Sikri because of acute shortage of water. In 1619 Emperor Jahangir camped here for three months while a plague raged in nearby Agra. The city was refurbished to host the coronation of Muhammad Shah in 1719. After that, the city was largely abandoned until Lord Curzon, Viceroy of India for the British from 1898 to 1905, sponsored an archaeological survey and restoration efforts.

Fatehpur ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 18 km from Orchha, 99 km from Tikamgarh, 102 km from Gwalior, 179 km from Khajuraho, 235 from Kanpur, 314 from Lucknow, 342 km from Bhopal, 457 km from New Delhi and 500 km from Ujjain, Jhansi is a historical city lies in the region of Bundelkhand in the extreme south of Uttar Pradesh. Situated between Betwa and Pahunch Rivers, Jhansi is regarded as the gateway to Bundelkhand region and also the administrative headquarters of Jhansi district.

Earlier known as Balwant Nagar, Jhansi was the seat of the Chandela dynasty and flourished under their rule. The region got its name from the fort built by Raja Bir Singh Deo, in 1613 CE. According to legend, the Bundela ruler could see only a shadow (Jhansi) of this fort on a distant hill and thus the fort and the region came to be known as Jhansi.

Jhansi lost its glory in 12th century CE but regained its grandeur during the 17th century CE under the rule of Raja Bir Singh Deo of Orchha. Later, Jhansi came under the rule of Maharaja Chhatrasal Bundela of Panna, who gifted it to Peshwa Baji Rao I in 1729 CE. In the 18th century the town of Jhansi served as the capital of a Maratha province and later the Princely State of Jhansi from 1804 till 1853 CE. The state was annexed by the British Governor General in 1854 when Damodar Rao's claim to the throne was rejected but Rani Lakshmi Bai ruled it from June 1857 to June 1858. After the death of Lakshmi Bai in 1858, the British Government gave it to Jiyaji Rao Scindia ...

Historical & Heritage | Pilgrimage

The historical town of Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh is one of the popular places of Buddhist Pilgrimage in India, and among the must include places in Uttar Pradesh Tour Packages. About 54 km from Gorakhpur, and 329 km from Lucknow, Kushinagar is one of the four holy sites of Buddhism as it is the place where Gautam Buddha delivered his last sermon, attained Mahaparinirvana (salvation) in 483 BC, and was cremated at Rambhar Stupa.

Kushinagar is a city of beautiful stupas and temples. The Mahaparinirvana Temple, with the world-famous reclining nirvana statue of Buddha, is an important site to visit in Kushinagar. Besides, the Japanese Temple, Ramabhar Stupa, Buddha Museum, Wat Thai Temple, Matha Kuar Shrine, Kushinagar Museum, etc. are some of the top places to visit in Kushinagar.

Every year, Buddha Poornima is celebrated here with great enthusiasm during April/May.

Historical & Heritage | Pilgrimage

Also known as Ishipatna, and Mrigadaya, Sarnath is one of the sacred Buddhist pilgrimage sites in India and also one of the must include places in Varanasi Tour Packages. According to the legend, Lord Buddha after attaining enlightenment at Bodh Gaya came to Sarnath and delivered his first sermon to his five disciples. Hence, Sarnath is considered as one of the four most important Buddhist pilgrimage centers of India, the other three being Lumbini, Bodh Gaya, and Kushinagar. About 10 km from Varanasi, and 135 km from Allahabad, Sarnath is also sacred to the Jains as it is the site of asceticism and death of Shreyamshanath, the 11th Tirthankara.

A quiet and spiritual town, Sarnath is a city of historical marvel with numerous Buddhist stupas, museums, excavated ancient sites, and beautiful temples. Dhamek Stupa, the Chaukhandi Stupa, Ashoka Pillar, Mulagandha Kuti Vihar, Deer Park, Archaeological Museum, Tibetan Temple, Thai Monastery, Japanese Temple, and Chinese Temple are some of the prominent places to visit in Sarnath. Being an important Buddhist pilgrimage spot, Sarnath celebrates Buddha Purnima with a lot of enthusiasm.

Historical & Heritage | Pilgrimage

The ancient city of Shravasti is one of the popular places of Buddhist pilgrimage in India and among the must include tourist destinations in Uttar Pradesh Tour Packages. About 175 km from Lucknow, it was one of the six largest cities in ancient India when Gautam Buddha began to spread his teachings of Buddhism around the Indian subcontinent.

Shravasti is closely associated with the life of Gautama Buddha, who is believed to have spent 25 rainy seasons here. Also, Shravasti is an important center for the believers of Jainism since Sobhanath temple is believed to be the birthplace of Tirthankara Sambhavanath of Jainism. Anathapindika Stupa, Angulimala Stupa, Jetavana Monastery, Shobnath Temple, Vibhuti Nath Temple, etc., are some of the top places to visit in Shravasti.

Shravasti Mahotsav is one of the major cultural events celebrated in Shravasti towards the end of winter (January). Various local artists showcase their talent throughout this festival.

Historical & Heritage | Wildlife

At a distance of 27 km from Fatehpur Sikri Railway Station and 58 km from Agra, the Keoladeo National Park formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is situated in Bharatpur, Rajasthan. It is among the top places to visit from Delhi and Agra cities.

Keoladeo National Park is located around a man-made wetland and was created in18th century by Maharaja Suraj Mal of Bharatpur. Formerly the private duck shooting reserve of the Maharajas of Bharatpur and the British Officials, this site was established as a bird sanctuary on 13th March 1976 under the name of Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. Later on 10th March 1982, the site was designated as a national park and was named Keoladeo Ghana National Park. In 1985, the Park was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

One of the finest bird parks in the world, Keoladeo, the name derives from an ancient Hindu temple, devoted to Lord Shiva, which stands at the center of the park. Ghana means dense, referring to the thick forest. This is home to more than 230 resident and migratory bird species in a protected area of 29 sq. km.

The park is most famous for its species of birds, including Cranes, Spoonbills, Herons, Pelicans and the rare Siberian Cranes. Every year thousands of migratory waterfowl visit the park for breeding etc. It is also an excellent place to watch mammals like Golden Jackal, Striped Hyena, Fishing Cat, Jungle Cat, Nilgai, Sambar, Blackbuck and wild Boar. ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 14 km from Varanasi Junction, Ramnagar fort is a medieval fort located on the banks of River Ganges in Ramnagar area of Varanasi. Ramnagar Fort is one of the popular forts in Uttar Pradesh and among the best places to visit in Varanasi.

Ramnagar Fort was constructed by Maharaja Balwant Singh in 18th century CE. This was the royal residence of Raja of Banaras, also known as Kashi Naresh. The fort represents typical Mughal style of architecture with carved balconies, open courtyards, and picturesque pavilions. Built with creamy-coloured Chunar sandstone, the fort houses a temple, a museum and the king's residential complex. The temple is dedicated to Ved Vyasa, the author of the Indian epic the Mahabharata. As per the legends, it is believed that Ved Vyasa resided within the fort for a short period.

The fort still retains its charm and attracts tourists in large numbers. One can still witness the ornamented swords, photographs of tiger shoots and visits by the King and Queen of Belgium can be seen decorated on the wall. The hall of public audience, popularly known as 'Durbar Hall', is converted into a museum now. The museum is famous for its rare collection of old American cars, ivory works, medieval costumes, and a huge astronomical clock. Ramnagar Fort also houses the Durga Temple, temple of Dakshin Mukhi Hanuman and Chhinnamastika Temple.

Only a part of the structure is open for public as the rest of it is the residence of Kashi Naresh ...

Historical & Heritage | Pilgrimage

At a distance of 9 km from Varanasi Junction, Sarnath is a revered Buddhist pilgrimage center located near the confluence of Ganga and Varuna Rivers in Uttar Pradesh. It is one of the popular Buddhist pilgrimage sites in India and also one of the must visit Varanasi Tourist Places.

Also known as Ishipatna and Mrigadaya, Sarnath is one of the four most important Buddhist pilgrimage centers of India, the other three are Lumbini, Bodh Gaya and Kushinagar. According to the legend, Lord Buddha after attaining enlightenment at Bodh Gaya came to Sarnath and delivered his first sermon to his five disciples. It is also the place where the original Sangha was formed and a new order of religious doctrine (Dhamma) was laid. Sarnath is also sacred to the Jains as it is the site of asceticism and death of Shreyamshanath, the 11th Trithankara.

The great emperor Ashoka visited the holy land around 234 BC and constructed a Stupa. During the Golden Age of Gupta King Chandragupta II (376-414 AD), Sarnath developed as a flourishing center of art and culture. This prosperity continued till 1017 AD, when Mahmood Gajni began plunder and destruction of all monuments in Sarnath. These monuments were extensively plundered for building materials and have been in ruins since then, until Angarik Dharampal, a Srilankan Buddhist disciple restored the ruins.

There are many Buddhist monuments and edifices in Sarnath. Some of the important Buddhist monuments at Sarnath are the Dhamekha Stupa, ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 17 km from Kushinagar, Sun Temple is an ancient Hindu temple situated in Turkpatti near Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh. It is one of the sacred shrines in Kushinagar, and among the best places as part of the Kushinagar Trip.

Dedicated to the Sun God, the Sun Temple was built during the Gupta Period and is mentioned in the Puranas. The temple is famous for its idol of the Sun God which was carved out of a special black stone (Neelmani Stone). The statue was believed to have been found during excavations conducted between the 4th and the 5th centuries.

Surya is worshiped widely on every Sunday. The Sun Festival, held in November every year, is a center of attraction for the people.

Timings: 6 AM - 6 PM

Entry: Free

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 24 km from Jhansi Junction, Barua Sagar is a town and a municipal board in Jhansi district of Uttar Pradesh. Many monuments, temples and forts adorn Barua Sagar which reminisces the ancient and the historical past.

The town got its name from the beautiful Barua Sagar Lake. Barua Sagar is an artificial lake built by the King of Orchha, Raja Udit Singh about 260 years ago. He also built embankments around this beautiful lake. The place is also famous for being the battleground of the Bundelas and the Marathas in 1744 AD. There is a temple dedicated to Sage Shringarishi on the banks of the lake. A fort, now in ruins, was also built by Raja Udit Singh on the banks of this lake. The fort commands an excellent view of Barua Sagar Lake and the surrounding landscapes.

There are ruins of two Chandela period temples, locally known as Ghughua Math and Jarai Ka Math. Ghughua Math is built in granite and has four cells, each fitted with doorways, of which three have an image of Ganesh and the fourth has an image of Durga. Jarai Ka Math is an east facing temple located in the outskirts of Barua Sagar Town, on Jhansi-Mauranipur road. The temple consists of a sanctum, antarala and a ruined mukha-mandapa.

Jarai Ka Math is probably one of the most popular temples in Barua Sagar that was built during the times of Pratiharas in 860 AD. Parts of the temple have been severely damaged and some have been rebuilt during the Bundelas in 17th Century. The intricate ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 35 km from Mirzapur and 40 km from Varanasi, Chunar Fort is an ancient fort located at Chunar town in Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh. Also known as Chandrakanta Chunargarh and Charanadri, it is one of the best places to visit near Varanasi.

The Chunar Fort was established by Maharaja Vikramaditya, the King of Ujjain for his brother Raja Bhartihari. As per Alha Khand, King Sahadeo made this fort as his capital and renamed as Nainagarh in 1029 AD. Built and rebuilt several times, Chunar first came into prominence in 1177 AD, when Prithviraj Chauhan established his fort here. Later, the fort was ruled by Mughal ruler Babar in 1525 AD and then Sher Shah Suri took control over the fort in 1532 CE. In 1575 AD, Akbar recaptured this fort and then it passed to the nawabs of Awadh in the 18th century. Finally in 1772 AD, it was captured by the British and used it as a warehouse of weapons and missiles till India's independence.

Bordered by River Ganga on two sides, the fort is famous for its natural beauty and historical events. Spread across 34,000 sq. ft, the fort is a solid structure that stands on a rock, a detached part of the Vindhya Range. Due to the steep slope, the rocky fort is practically impregnable. The approach to Chunar Hill is marked by a chain of low hills, running parallel to the river on its right bank, which is covered by plantations and bungalows. The southeastern part of the fort is on the rocky bank of Ganga River, which is navigable ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 24 km from Robertsganj and 105 km from Varanasi, Vijaygarh Fort is a ruined fort located in Sonbhadra district of Uttar Pradesh. Situated south east to Maunukalana village on Robertsganj-Churk road, it is one of the famous historical forts in Uttar Pradesh and also one of the popular places to visit near Varanasi.

This 5th-century Vijaygarh Fort was constructed by Kol kings. Over time, this fort came under the rule of Chandela kings of Agori Barhar. Later this fort was ruled by Sher Shah Suri and Balwant Singh. The fort was under Kashi King Chet Singh's rule until the arrival of British. The fort is said to be mesmeric and another fort is hidden under the fort called the fort of princess Chandrakanta. This elegant fort has also been pertinently described in the novel Chandrakanta by Babu Devkinandan Khatri along with Princess Chandrakanta.

Vijaygarh Fort has both historical and archaeological importance. Some of the unique features of the fort include cave paintings, statues, rock inscriptions and the four perennial ponds. The main gate is preceded by a tomb of Muslim saint, Sayyed Jain-ul-Abdin Meer Sahib popularly called Hazrat Meeran Shah Baba. An Urs or a fair dedicated to the great saint is held every year in April which draws large crowds of devotees of all faiths. Two other landmarks located near the fort are the tanks known as Mira Sagar and Ram Sagar. Wedged between them is the Rang Mahal Palace which houses beautiful rock carvings.

Timings: ...

Historical & Heritage | Lake & Backwater | Pilgrimage

At a distance of 26 km from Mathura, 148 km from New Delhi, and 25 km from Vrindavan, Kusum Sarovar is a huge tank, which belonged to the period of Lord Krishna, located between Govardhan and Radha Kund. Kusum Sarovar lies towards the right side of sacred parikrama path. It is among the ideal tourist places near Delhi & Noida for one day trip.

Kusum Sarovar is 450 feet long and 60 feet deep tank and features a flight of stairs on all sides. The Sarovar is believed to be the place where Radha along with gopikas used to collect flowers and meet Lord Krishna. Kadamba trees are found all over the place and it is said that Kadamba tree was the favorite tree of Lord Krishna. During the time of Lord Chaitanya (a great devotee of Lord Krishna), this place was known as Sumanah Sarovar. It is stated in the Chaitanya Charitamrita that Lord Chaitanya took bath here.

The Sarovar is surrounded by magnificent structures which were constructed by Jawahar Singh, the king of Bharatpur in the middle of 18th century, in honor of his father Raja Suraj Mal. A simple earthen pond till 1675, it was properly built by ruler of Orchha, Veer Singh, after which Suraj Mal constructed a garden for his queen, converting it into a beautiful place. Afterwards, Jawahar Singh built astonishing structures in the memory of his parents.

There are three tombs in the upper level. The main tomb of Raja Suraj Mal has beautiful paintings on its ceiling depicting the pastimes of Krishna and the lotus ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 39 km from Bulandshahr, 55 km from Meerut, 58 km from Ghaziabad, 75 km from Noida, 83 km from New Delhi and 172 km from Mathura, Kuchesar is small village in Bulandshahr district of Uttar Pradesh. Kuchesar is an ideal weekend getaway from Delhi, Noida & Gurgaon. Kuchesar is known for the Kuchesar Fort, also known as Rao Raj Vilas, built by the Jat rulers.

The fort was built in the mid-18th century by the Jat rulers and is surrounded by a 100-acre mango grove. During 1740, the Jats became strong military power who originally belong to Mandoti in Haryana and were the descendants from the Jats of the Dalal sub-caste.

The Kuchesar Fort was brought into the Ajit Singh's family's possession in the 18th century when the Mughal emperor Najib-ud-Daulah bestowed the Jat family with the title of Rao Bahadur and the Jagir of Kuchesar comprising of 365 villages. The mud fort of Kuchesar was captured in 1763 but was recovered by the Jat rulers by 1782 and it remained under their control until British captured it in 1807.

The Mud Fort has seven turrets built in defense against British cannon attack. A wide moat was dug to create the ramparts. The main palace overlooks gardens on three sides and on the west are the ruins of a replica of Robert Clive's house in Kolkata. Now, a part of the Fort was restored by Neemrana Hotels and turned into a heritage hotel in 1998.

The royal family currently resides ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 38 km from Bulandshahr, 91 km from Gaziabad, 102 km from Noida & 123 km from New Delhi, Unchagaon is village situated near River Ganges at a distance of 36 km from Garhmukteswar in the state of Uttar Pradesh. It is an ideal place to visit from Delhi & Noida for a quick day trip. Unchagaon is known for sightings of Gangetic Dolphins.

Unchagaon is also famous for Unchagaon Fort. This is a mud fort built during 1850s and belonged to Rajput Zamindars. Now it is owned by Raja Surendra Pal Singh, who inherited it at the age of 10. This palace was renovated by Surendra Pal Singh and now part of it is opened as a heritage resort.

The imposing white facade of Fort is surrounded by well-manicured, lush verdant lawns. A section of the fort is still used by the Rajas as residence. Another part of the palace, The Court, used to be the main office of the Zamindars in the 18th century. Today, it has a conference hall and seven bedrooms that display the grandeur of the past. The living room is a mini museum, with imposing portraits of the ancestors, tiger skins and a rare collection of swords.

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