AGRA TRAVEL GUIDE
City | Historical & Heritage
Ideal Trip Duration: 2 Full Days
Base Station: Agra
Nearest City to Agra: Agra
Best Time to Visit Agra: October to March
Peak Season: December to January & March to May
State: Uttar Pradesh | District: Agra
Agra Weather: Summer: Maximum - 45°C and Minimum - 22°C
Winter: Maximum - 20°C and Minimum - 5°C
At a distance of 214 km from Delhi, 242 km from Jaipur, 359 km from Lucknow, 576 km from Bhopal, 847 km from Patna and 876 Km from Ahmedabad, Agra, the land of the Taj Mahal, which is one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is situated on the banks of River Yamuna in the state of Uttar Pradesh.
Agra is one of the most popular tourist destinations of the World with three UNESCO World Heritage monuments - Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri & Red Fort. It is also among best weekend getaways near Delhi & Noida for a two day trip. Agra is one of the most populous cities in Uttar Pradesh and the 19th most populous in India. Agra is included on the Golden Triangle tourist circuit, along with Delhi and Jaipur.
Agra was first mentioned in the epic Mahabharata, where it was called Agrevana meaning the border of the forest. Sultan Sikandar Lodi (1488-1517) was the first to move his capital from Delhi to Agra in 1504. After his death in 1517, his son Ibrahim Lodi continued to rule, until his defeat in the first battle of Panipat at the hands of the Mughal Emperor Babur in 1526. Agra famously became the capital of the Mughal Emperors from 1526 to 1658. It was known then as Akbarabad and remained the capital of the Mughal Empire under the Emperors Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan has shifted the capital to Delhi.
The city houses many ancient temples, mosques, forts, mausoleums, tombs and historical monuments. Apart from the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, Akbar's Tomb, Sikandra, Swami Bagh Samadhi, Jama Masjid and Ram Bagh are the other important monuments in Agra. The city has its unique style of traditional paintings, folk dances, folk music and embroideries. Agra is famous for leather goods, beautiful carpets, gold and silver jewellery and handicrafts, such as zari zardozi, marble and stone carving and inlay work.
The Department of Tourism organizes the Taj Mahotsav in February every year, which attracts national and international tourists to Agra. The festival celebrates Mughal art and culture and is a profusion of musical and dance performances, a food festival and crafts mela.
Agra is well connected by air, train and road. The nearest airport to reach Agra is Kheria Airport, located at a distance of 9 km from the city and is connected to Delhi, Varanasi, Khajuraho, Gorakhpur, Jabalpur, Rajkot and Jamnagar. The city has four major railway stations - Agra Cantonment, Raja Ki Mandi, Agra Fort and Idgah Agra Junction. It has trains from Mumbai, Delhi, Amritsar, Hyderabad, Vizag, Chennai, Indore, Jammu, Jabalpur, Pondicherry, Chandigarh, Kalka, Hubli, Goa, Haridwar, Bhopal, Howrah, Patna, Dehradun, Bangalore, Allahabad, Jaipur, Trivandrum and Lucknow.
Major bus station in Agra is Idgah Bus Stand at a distance of 1.5 km from Agra Cantonment railway station. Agra can also be reached by road from Lucknow, Kanpur, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Gwalior, Noida, Dehradun, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Indore, Haridwar and Vrindavan. Tourist buses run by private operators as well as state govt are available to reach Agra. Tourists can travel around the city of Agra using electric buses, cabs, Tongas, tempos, cycle rickshaws and auto rickshaws.
The best time to visit Agra is during the winter season between November and March. During this time the temperature is moderate and several festivals coincide. Taj Mahotsav, the popular 10 day long festival is celebrated during the month of February each year. A visit to this fair is a must for the art, craft and culture admirers. Ram Bharat, Kailash Fair and Bateshwar Fair are the other major festivals.