26 Best Heritage Sites in Gujarat

Historical & Heritage | City

At a distance of 29 km from Gandhinagar, 109 km from Vadodara, 175 km from Bhavnagar, 220 km from Rajkot, 230 km from Mount Abu, 250 km from Udaipur, 257 km from Surat, 310 km from Jamnagar, 534 km from Mumbai, 585 km from Bhopal, 681 km from Jaipur and 905 km from Delhi, Ahmedabad is the largest city and also the former capital of Gujarat. Situated on the banks of the River Sabarmati, Ahmedabad is India's first UNESCO World Heritage City and also regarded as one of the fastest growing cities in India.

Also known as Amdavad, the city of Ahmedabad is the commercial hub and also the living symbol of the rich cultural heritage of Gujarat state. Popularly called as the Land of Gandhi, Ahmedabad is closely associated with Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the father of the nation. It has been one of the most important centers of trade and commerce in western India since medieval times. Presently it is famous for its textile mills and is often referred to as the 'Manchester of the East'.

The history of Ahmedabad dates back to 11th century when it was known as Karnavati after the name of the King Karandev, a Solanki Ruler. The Solanki rule lasted until the 13th century, when Gujarat came under the control of the Vaghela dynasty of Dwarka. Gujarat was conquered by the Sultanate of Delhi at the end of the 13th century AD. Later, Sultan Ahmed Shah conquered the place and renamed it as Ahmedabad in 1411 AD. In the year 1573, the city of Ahmedabad was taken over by the Mughal emperor ...

Historical & Heritage | Nature & Scenic

At a distance of 80 km from Bhuj, 137 km from Gandhidham, 141 km from Mandvi, 310 km from Rajkot, 335 km from Jamnagar, 345 km from Bhavnagar, 412 km from Junagadh, 413 km from Ahmedabad, 455 km from Porbandar, 471 km from Dwarka, Rann of Kutch is a shallow wetland with marshy salt flats located in the Thar Desert in Kutch district of Gujarat, India. Sometimes described as India's 'wild west', it is one of the top attractions you must include in honeymoon packages and among the must include places in Gujarat tour packages.

With Thar Desert on one side and Arabian Sea on the other side, Rann of Kutch is a spellbinding marvel of sand and salt. The name, Rann of Kutch, was derived from the word 'Rann' meaning desert in Hindi and the district it is located in. Covering over an area of 30,000 sq. km, the region is divided into two parts, the Great Rann of Kutch and Little Rann of Kutch. The Luni River and River West Banas, drains into the desert in the northeast corner of the Rann while River Rupen drains from the East. Nara Canal or Puran River which is a delta channel of Indus River empties during floods into Kori Creek located in the Great Rann of Kutch.

It lies between the Gulf of Kutch and the Indus River in Pakistan and comprises of flatlands of salty clay located about 15 meters above sea level. These flatlands were once a part of the Arabian Seabed but due ...

Historical & Heritage | City

At a distance of 109 km from Ahmedabad, 132 km from Gandhinagar, 146 km from Surat, 192 km from Bhavnagar, 296 km from Rajkot, 339 km from Indore, 345 km from Udaipur, 386 km from Jamnagar, 396 km from Junagadh, 395 km from Gandhidham, 433 km from Mumbai, 447 km from Somnath, 476 km from Porbandar, 439 km from Bhuj, and 518 km from Dwarka, Vadodara is a beautiful city in the western Indian state of Gujarat. Located on the banks of Vishwamitri River, Vadodara is one of the popular tourist destinations in Gujarat and among the top attractions you must include in Gujarat packages.

Formerly called as Baroda, Vadodara is the third largest city in Gujarat, after Ahmedabad and Surat. Home to some of the most exemplary display of architecture, the tinsel town of Vadodara is the brainchild of Sayaji Rao Gaekwad III, a Maratha ruler who laid foundation for premier institutions to make this city an educational, industrial and commercial center. There are many tales associated with the name of the city. As per the history, the city was previously called as Chandanavati after its ruler Raja Chandan, later it was changed to 'Viravati 'meaning the abode of the brave, and then 'Vadpatra' due to the densely populated banyan trees on the banks of river Vishwamitri. The present name Baroda or Vadodara got derived from 'Vadpatra'.

The history of Vadodara can be traced back to 9th century when it was a small town called Ankottaka (present ...

Historical & Heritage | Pilgrimage

At a distance of 54 km from Gir National Park, 91 km from Somnath, 99 km from Amreli, 103 km from Rajkot, 107 km from Porbandar, 139 km from Jamnagar, 147 km from Diu, 209 km from Dwarka, 289 km from Gandhidham, 319 km from Ahmedabad, 333 km from Bhuj and 388 km from Vadodara, Junagadh is a historical city located in the western Indian state of Gujarat. It is the seventh largest city in Gujarat and among the popular places of heritage in Gujarat.

Located in the foothills of the Mount Girnar, the literal meaning of the term 'Junagadh' is 'old fort' which derives from Uparkot, an ancient fort built in the 4th century CE on a plateau in the middle of the town. It was also termed as 'Yonagadh,' which means 'City of the Greeks,' as it was once ruled by the Greeks. Junagadh is also known as 'Sorath', the name of the princely state that existed before the partition of India and Pakistan in the year 1947.

Steeped in the history, Junagadh is quite ancient, as it existed during the reigns of Chandragupta Maurya and King Ashoka. After that it was ruled by several dynasties including Chudasama Dynasty, Chalukays and Mughals before it came under the rule of the Babi dynasty in 1730, who ruled the city with an iron hand until 1946. In 1807, the princely state of Junagadh became a tributary state of the British Empire. During the period between the independence and partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, the 565 princely states that existed ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 50 km from Mehsana, 129 km from Ahmedabad, 142 km from Mount Abu, 237 km from Vadodara, 251 km from Gandhidham, 260 km from Udaipur, 266 km from Rajkot, 295 km from Bhuj, 345 km from Jamnagar, 366 km from Junagadh, 384 km from Surat, 446 km from Porbandar, 477 km from Dwarka and 672 km from Mumbai, Patan is an ancient fortified city located on the banks of Saraswati River in Gujarat, India. It is one of the popular historical destinations in India and among the top places to visit in Gujarat.

Earlier known as the Anhilwad Patan, the ancient city of Patan was built in 746 AD by Vanraj Chavda, the prominent king of Chavda dynasty. Legend has it that he laid the foundation at the place pointed out by Anahil, a shepherd friend from his younger days, and named the city after him. The city was the capital of Gujarat for almost 650 years, from 746-1411 CE. The town flourished during the Solanki dynasty in the 8th-11th century. It was also the thriving center for Jainism, and the Solanki rulers commissioned a large number of Hindu and Jain temples, as well as other civic and religious constructions. But the city lost all its charm when Mahmud of Ghazni attacked it in 1024 AD. Later, Qutb-ud-din Aibak sacked the city between 1200 and 1210, and it was destroyed by the Allauddin Khilji in 1298 CE.

During 1304 to 1411 CE, Patan was the Suba headquarters of Delhi Sultanate. A new fort was built by these Subas, a large ...

Historical & Heritage | City

At a distance of 59 km from Gandhidham, 64 km from Mandvi, 78 km from Kutch, 232 km from Rajkot, 256 km from Jamnagar, 333 km from Junagadh, 334 km from Ahmedabad, 390 km from Dwarka, 431 km from Vadodara, 434 km from Mount Abu, 444 km from Bhavnagar, 557 km from Udaipur and 863 km from Mumbai, Bhuj is a flourishing city in Gujarat and also the headquarters of Kutch district. Often called as the Jaisalmer of Gujarat, Bhuj is one of the popular places to visit in Gujarat and among the best attraction not to miss in a Gujarat tour packages.

Located in the western part of India, Bhuj is the most important city in the Kutch region of Gujarat and also the capital of the former princely state of Kutch. The city of Bhuj got its name from the Bhujiyo Dungar, a hill that overlooks the city and believed to be the residence of the Great Serpent Bhujang, to whom a temple stands at the top of the hill. Spread around the fortified Bhujiyo Dungar Hill, the city was ravaged in the earthquake of 2001 which left a huge area destroyed and in shambles.

The desert city of Bhuj has a long history of kings and empires. The city was founded by Rao Hamirji, a Jadeja Rajput ruler, in 1510 CE and it made the capital of Kutch state by Rao Khengarji I in 1549 CE,. Bhuj remained the capital of Kutch for 29 years during the rule of Jadeja Rajputs. In the late 16th century, Bhuj came under Mughal dominance, ...

Historical & Heritage | City

At a distance of 92 km from Rajkot, 131 km from Porbandar, 132 km from Dwarka, 139 km from Junagadh, 153 km from Okha, 213 km from Gandhidham, 231 km from Somnath, 256 km from Bhuj, 266 km from Bhavnagar, 310 km from Ahmedabad, 331 km from Gandhinagar, 379 km from Vadodara, 531 km from Surat, 565 km from Udaipur, 686 km from Indore and 813 km from Mumbai, Jamnagar is a city on the coast of Gulf of Kutch in Gujarat. Ideally located at the confluence of Nagamati River and Rangmati River, It is one of the best tourist destinations in Gujarat and among the must include places of interest in Gujarat packages.

Often called as the Jewel of Kathiawar, Jamnagar is an industrial city of Gujarat brimming with exquisite Rajput architecture and pristine coastline. Built around Lakhota Lake, Jamnagar was the capital of the former state of Nawanagar, founded by Jam Rawal in 1540 AD, who is deemed as one of the heirs of Lord Krishna. It was later rechristened as Jamnagar and was one of the most important princely states of the Jadeja rulers in Saurashtra region. The famous cricketer Ranjit Singhji was its ruler from 1907 to 1933 AD and his successor, Jam Sahib became the President of Saurashtra until it was merged into Bombay state in 1956.

The word 'Jam' means 'king' and this area was ruled by the Jadeja Rajput rulers, who were thought to be the descendants of Krishna's Yadava clan. According to Puranic literature, Lord Krishna ...

Beach | Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 102 km from Dwarka, 108 km from Junagadh, 127 km from Jamnagar, 130 km from Somnath, 133 km from Okha, 183 km from Rajkot, 193 km from Amreli, 210 km from Diu, 304 km from Bhavnagar, 372 km from Bhuj, 399 km from Ahmedabad, 461 km from Vadodara, and 621 km from Surat, Porbandar is a beautiful coastal city located in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is one of the popular tourist destinations in India and among the must include places in Gujarat Tour Packages.

Located along the banks of Asmavati River, the city of Porbandar is closely linked with Junagadh in the south-west and Jamnagar in the north. It is an important city in India's history being the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi. According to mythology, the coastal city is also believed to be the birthplace of Sudama, Lord Krishna's friend and devotee. Traces of late Harappan civilization have also been found here and hence the place becomes of prime importance throwing light on the maritime activities of that time.

In ancient times Porbandar was known to be Pao Bandar, due to its bread factories that used to export Pao roti to Arab countries across the Arabian Sea. Colloquial changes in language results in a name change to Pore Bandar or Porbandar. Earlier, Porbandar belonged to the Jethwa clan of Rajputs and it was a state under the Mughal Governor of Gujarat. Later it came under the rule of the Gaekwads and the Peshwas. Porbandar became the eponymous ...

Historical & Heritage | Pilgrimage

At a distance of 53 km from Bhavnagar, 99 km from Amreli, 171 km from Rajkot, 175 km from Junagadh, 214 km from Ahmedabad, 215 km from Somnath, 245 km from Vadodara, 266 km from Jamnagar, 388 km from Dwarka, 390 km from Bhuj, 397 km from Surat and 685 km from Mumbai, Palitana is a sacred city located in Bhavnagar district of Gujarat. Earlier known as Padliptapur, it is one of the holiest places of pilgrimage for the followers of Jainism and among the must visit places as part of Gujarat Tour Packages.

Palitana is a famous destination in Gujarat for being the base to the holy Shatrunjaya hill which is home to 863 exquisitely carved Jain temples built by devotees during a period spanning 900 years from the 11th century onwards. Along with Mount Abu, Girnar and Chandragiri, Shatrunjaya is one of the most sacred places for the Jains. And the Jain community believes that every member must visit this city at least once in their lifetime as this is the place where Lord Adinath, the 1st Jain Tirthankara, achieved enlightenment.

Founded in 1194, Palitana was a princely state and was one of the major states in Saurashtra. In 1656, Shah Jahan's son Murad Baksh, the then Governor of Gujarat, granted the village of Palitana to the prominent Jain merchant Shantidas Jhaveri. During the British Raj, Palitana was a princely state in the Kathiawar Agency of the Bombay Presidency. The capital of the state was the Palitana town and ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 21 km from Ahmedabad Junction, Adalaj Stepwell, also called Adalaj ni Vav is a stepwell located in the village of Adalaj near Ahmedabad city of Gujarat. It is one of the famous places of heritage in Gujarat and among the best places to visit in Ahmedabad as part of Gujarat tour packages.

Also known as Rudabai Stepwell, Adalaj Stepwell was built in 1499 by Queen Rudabai, wife of Vaghela chief, Veer Singh. According to history, the construction of stepwell was started by the King Rana Veer Singh and he was died in a war with King Mahmud Begada unfortunately. Begada fell for the beauty of the widowed Queen Rudabai and asked her to marry him. The Queen agreed to marry Begada on the condition that he completes the construction of the stepwell that was started by her husband. He agreed and started the construction again. When the well got completed, Rani Rudabai jumped into the vav and committed suicide.

The stepwell is built in Solanki style of architecture with Islamic influence. It consists of five storeys, each of which is uniquely designed with beautiful carvings all over the walls and columns. The structure was built along the North-South axis with the entrance from the south. The stepwell is one of its kinds in Gujarat as it has three entrance stairs that lead to the stepped corridor. All three entrances of the stepwell converge at a square platform in the first storey, which has an octagonal opening ...

Beach | Historical & Heritage | Miscellaneous

At a distance of 6 km from Ghogha and 30 km from Bhavnagar, Piram Bet is a small island in the Gulf of Cambay, Gujarat. Also called Piram Island, it is one of the beautiful islands on the coastline of Gujarat and among the best places to visit during your Bhavnagar trip.

The Piram Bet Island is covering over an area of about 186 acres. History says that the island was under Muslim soldiers of Delhi Sultanate in the early 14th century and was captured by Mokhadaji Gohil, the Gohil chief of Umrala in 1325 CE. He made the island as his headquarters, built a fort and levied toll from all ships passing up the Gulf of Cambay. He became a noted pirate in Gulf. His demands came to the knowledge of the emperor Muhammad bin Tughlaq who was then quelling a revolt in Gujarat. He killed Mokhadaji in 1347 CE and destroyed the fort of Piram Island. The island fell into obscurity after the destruction of the fort. Later in 1729, Mulla Muhammad Ali, a merchant from Surat, built a fort on Piram Bet with an intention to establish himself as an independent chief. Subsequently, it falls under the royal family of Bhavnagar State who had built a bastion on the south west corner of the island to keep watch on the maritime activities.

The British built the 24m high circular masonry lighthouse tower on the bastion in 1864 CE. The lighthouse and quarters are now owned by Directorate General of Lighthouse and Lightships, Government of India which was the only settlement on the island and was ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 42 km from Nalsarovar and 79 km from Ahmedabad, Lothal is an excavated site situated Bhal region in Dholka of Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Lothal is one of the prominent cities of the ancient Indus valley civilization and among the best historical sites in Gujarat.

Literally called 'Mound of the Dead', this ancient and desolate ruined city of Lothal provides a fascinating insight into the life of the Harappan culture and the Indus Valley Civilization. The origin and history of Lothal can be dated back to 2400 BC. Discovered in the year 1954, Lothal is one of the primary sites of Archaeological Survey of India. The excavation work here began in 1955 and was continued till 1960.

Like other cities of the Indus Valley Civilization, Lothal too had an excellent architecture and town planning. Excavations have revealed that the town was divided into two parts. The upper part or the acropolis was where the ruler and other important people of the city lived while the lower part was meant for the common people. The entire city had a scientific drainage system, well laid-out, paved roads and a bath for every house, some of which were double storied and built on mud platforms.

The most architecturally sophisticated part of Lothal was its dockyard, which provided berthing facilities for the ships. Constructed from kiln-fired bricks, the dock comprised a basin 214 m long, 36 m wide, and 13 m deep. A 13 m wide channel on the northern side was included to facilitate ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 17 km from Porbandar Railway Station, Jambavan Cave is an ancient cave located at Ranavav near Porbandar city of Gujarat. Situated near Saurashtra Cement Factory, it is one of the historical places in Gujarat and among the most visited tourist places in Porbandar.

Also known as Jambavant Cave or Jambuvant ki Gufa, this cave was the resting place of the warrior Jambuvan, who had his own special role in both the Hindu epics Ramayana and Mahabharata. It is believed that this is the place where Lord Krishna and Jambuvan fought for the Syamantaka jewel for 28 days. Legend says that Satrajit was the proud possessor of a precious gem named Syamantaka which had mystic powers. Once his brother Prasena went out in the forests for hunting wearing the jewel and was attacked by a lion to obtain Syamantaka. Later, the lion gets killed by Jambuvan who takes the precious stone from him and gives it to her daughter. On the other side, Satrajit accuses Lord Krishna for killing his brother just to gain the gem. On hearing this, Lord Krishna goes on the lookout of the actual killer and finally finds Jambuvan with whom he battles for 28 days. Recognizing Lord Krishna and his powers, Jambuvan withdraws from the fight and gives the gem and his daughter to the Lord.

Jambuvan Cave has over 50 Shivalingas which are formed naturally. The main shivalinga is inside a natural cave. Water drops from the ceiling of the cave trickle down over the linga in a continuous downpour, ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 25 km from Bhuj Railway Station, Kera Shiva Temple is an old Hindu temple situated in Kera village near Bhuj city in Gujarat. Also known as Lakheshwara temple of Kerakot, it is one of the ancient temples in Kutch and among the popular Bhuj Tourist Places.

Dedicated to Lord Shiva, Kera Shiva Temple was built during the reign of the Solanki dynasty in the later part of the 10th century. The Solankis, referred to as the 'Chalukyas of Gujarat' were patrons of many important temples in the area. Shiva Temple at Kera is one of the many temples built by the Solanki rulers. The major part of the temple got destroyed in the earthquake of 1819 and the Bhuj earthquake of 2001 but the temple's spire, inner sanctum and the sculptures are still in an attractive condition.

The shrine is built of red stones in Solanki architectural style. The interior of the temple is square in shape and the walls of the temple are around 3 feet thick. The presiding deity is in the form of Linga at the sanctum. The shrine has a pradakshina path with two open cut-stone perforated windows. The spire of the temple has eight triangle-shaped sculptures in the form of chaitya windows on each face of the spire. There are miniature spires at the corners of the temple. The external portions of the spires are well-adorned with elegantly carved images. Only the northern part of the original hall or Mandapa is there as of now which has few well-carved sculptures. Several stone sculptures of ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 42 km from Porbandar, Ghumli is a small village located near Porbandar, Gujarat. Known for its archeological ruins, it is one of the popular places of heritage in Gujarat and among the prime tourist destinations to visit near Porbandar.

Earlier known as Bhumli, Ghumli was the capital of Saindhava dynasty which ruled western Saurashtra from the middle of the 8th century to the middle of the 10th century. Later in the 12th century, Ghumli was declared as the second capital by Rana Shiyaji of Jethwa dynasty, who took the title of Rana of Ghumli. Ghumli remained their capital till 1313 CE when Rana Bhanji Jethwa was defeated at a war with Barmaniyaji Jadeja attacked and defeated Rana Bhanji Jethwa. He completely destroyed Ghumli and turned it into ruins.

Being the prosperous capital of Saindhava and then the Jethwa dynasty of Saurashtra, Ghumli is now an important and preserved archaeological site due to its architectural ruins. The Archaeological Survey of India and Government of India have initiated a number of efforts to restore the lost glory of the town. Built-in the 12th century by the Jethwa rulers, Navlakha Temple is dedicated to Lord Surya and is considered to be the oldest Sun Temple of Gujarat. The temple is built in Solanki style of architecture with entwining tusk of three elephants as a trade mark of the temple. As the temple was constructed at a cost of nine lakh, it was named Navlakha Temple.

Just outside the main temple, there ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 25 km from Junagadh, 88 km from Rajkot and 98 km from Porbandar, Darbargadh Fort is a historical fort situated at Dhoraji town in Rajkot district of Gujarat. Also referred to as Darbar Garh, it is one among the many imposing regal structures in Gujarat and the top tourist attractions to visit as part of Porbandar.

Darbargadh Fort is one of the famous forts in Gujarat holding immense prominence both historically and majestically. Dhoraji was acquired by Kumbhaji II of Gondal State from Junagadh State during the 18th century CE. The fortification of Dhoraji was completed in 1755 AD. The massive fort wall has several bastions, 4 main gates and 3 smaller gates, known as baris. The four main gates are Kathiawadi Darwaja in the East, Porbandar Gate in the West, Halar Gate in the North and Junagadh Gate in the South while the smaller gates are- Darbari Bari, Bhimji Bari, and Sati Bari.

Darbargadh is located at the highest point in the town and is approached by Darbari Bari, a beautiful gate adorned with jharokha, resting on brackets of 4 elephant statues in different poses. A finely carved entrance gate leads to Darbargadh in the middle of a courtyard. Darbargadh is a three-storeyed structure on a high plinth and is designed in the same architectural style of Navlakha Palace at Gondal. The facade is ornamented with sculptures of musicians, complex geometric pattern, images of lions in different postures on long caves, profusely carved pillars, horizontal ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 110 km from Great Rann of Kutch and 148 km from Bhuj, Siyot caves are the ancient rock cut caves located near Siyot village in Kutch district of Gujarat. Also referred as Kateshwar Buddhist Caves, it is one of the popular places to visit in Kutch and among the popular tourist places in Gujarat.

Dated around the first century AD, the Siyot Caves are a group of five rock-cut caves. The main cave has east facing sanctum, ambulatory and space divisions which suggests a Shiva temple from the first or second century. The cave was used by Buddhists later which can be concluded based on the seals found herein and the traces of Brahmi inscriptions. Other caves are simple single cells. The folklores suggest that Siyot Caves were among the 80 monastic sites reported by the travellers from China during the 7th century at the mouth of the Indus River. Local people believes that these caves were used by dacoits to hide things looted from people in past.

These caves are an important site to visit for those interested in inscriptions and architecture of the ancient time. The sculptures here are the center of attraction for the tourists. The excavation in 1988-89 recovered clay seals engraved with Buddha images in various mudras and seals engraved with late Brahmi and Devnagari inscriptions. Other findings were copper rings, Gadhaiya coins, terracotta Nandi with bell and chain, different types of earthen wares like Surahi. ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 33 km from Narayan Sarovar, 100 km from Rann of Kutch and 138 km from Bhuj, Lakhpat is an abandoned town in Kutch district of Gujarat. At the junction of Kori creek and Rann of Kutch, it is the last town situated at the western end of India, on the India - Pakistan border and among the popular places to visit in Kutch.

Lakhpat derives its name from the prosperous maritime trade which generated a daily income of One Lakh Koris, a Kutch monetary unit. According to another legend, the town was founded by Rao Lakha, so it was known as Lakhpat. Lakhpat is a fortified town with high walls, several gates and bastions made out of hard stone. The 7 km fort walls, erected in 1801 by Fateh Muhammed, are still nearly intact, and offer tremendous views out over the Rann.

Lakhpat was an important port city during the 1800s which had a population of about 15000 people. History suggests that before the earthquake, the Indus River used to flow right next to the town and connected it to the nearby sea. After the 1819 earthquake, the Indus River shifted its course and left the area barren. Most of the families, living inside its forted walls moved to other cities, but those left behind, are now living a life of hardship, and adversity.

This is also a seat of worship for Sikhs, Hindus and Muslims. Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, reportedly camped here on his journey to Mecca. The site later became a gurudwara, which holds some of Nanak's possessions. There ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 92 km from Rapar, 222 km from Bhuj and 300 km from Great Rann of Kutch, Dholavira is an archaeological site at Khadir Bet in Kutch district of Gujarat. Managed by ASI, it is the most prominent archaeological site in India belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization and among the must visit places as part of Kutch Tour.

Dholavira represents the ruins of an ancient city of the Harappan civilization that was inhabited over a period of 1,200 years from 3000 BCE through 1800 BCE. It is the larger of the two most remarkable excavations of the Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan culture in India, the other being Lothal. Locally called as Kotada, the 250-acre area of Dholavira sprawls across the Khadir Island of the Great Rann of Kutch and is part of the protected Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary.

The site was unearthed by the Archeological Survey of India (ASI) in 1967, but has been systematically excavated only since 1990. The excavated site of Dholavira demonstrates the ingenuity of Harappan people to evolve a highly organised system of town planning with perfected proportions, interrelation of functional areas, street-pattern and an efficient water conservation system that supported life for more than 1200 years against harsh hot arid climate. Lies between two seasonal streams, the Mansar in the north and Manhar in the south, Dholavira had three distinct zones-the Upper, Middle and Lower Towns. First, the citadel, consisting of enclosures identified ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 48 km from Mandvi, 51 km from Bhuj and 127 km from Rann of Kutch, Roha Fort is an ancient fort located on the outskirts of Roha village in Nakhatrana Taluk of Kutch, Gujarat. Also known as Roha Sumari Fort, it is one of the historical forts of Kutch and among the major Mandvi Tourist Places.

Located 800 feet above sea level on Roha Hill, Roha Fort is believed to have been built by Thakore Noganji. There are about 52 villages under this fort. Roha is also called Sumari Roha after the princesses from the Sumara state who took Samadhi here. After the British took control over the fort during the early 18th century several changes has been made in the fort through the approach of renovation. The British made two deep wells within the fort.

Covers an area of 16 acres, the fort appears like a temple and was mainly built with the use of stone and baked bricks. Over the years, most of the parts of the fort have destroyed from earthquake and lack of proper management. But one can see a temple at the bottom and another one at the top of a small hill. The famous poet of Gujarat, Kalapi, wrote romantic poems at Roha hill because atmosphere of Roha was peaceful and close to the nature with many peacocks and other birds which can be seen here even now.

Timings: 6 AM - 6 PM

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 41 km from Junagadh and 66 km from Rajkot, Khambhalida Caves are the ancient rock cut Buddhist caves situated at Khambhalida village in Rajkot district of Gujarat. Also known as Rajkot Caves, it is one of the popular places to visit in Rajkot.

Dating back to 4th or 5th century AD, the Khambhalida Caves are a group of three Buddhist caves situated at the foot of a small hill on the banks of a spring. These Caves were discovered in 1958 by P. P. Pandya, a prominent archeologist. It is said that they were carved in the limestone rocks by Saint of Dinyan Branch of the Buddha tradition. It is also said that many Buddha Saints from Junagadh came to these caves for meditation and there is an inscription on a stone here that states Asoka might have come to this place for his meditation.

Among the three caves, the central one contains the stupa which is known as chaitya cave. The entrance of the chaitya is flanked by two large sculptures of the Bodhisattvas. On the right is the figure of Padmapani under Asoka-like tree with a female companion and five attendants. There is a yaksha-like dwarf on the left of it holding a basket. The figure on the left side of the entrance is probably Vajrapani and this sculpture is considered as one of the most ancient ones in India. The second such sculpture of Vajrapani came into existence 400-500 years thereafter at Cave No.2 of the world famous Ellora Caves of Maharashtra. The second sculpture of Padmapani, contemporary ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 49 km from Vadodara, Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, located in the ancient city of Champaner. It is one of the popular places of heritage in India and among the prime places to visit as part of Vadodara Packages.

Covering over an area of 1,329 hectares, Champaner - Pavagadh Archeological Park is located around the historical city of Champaner, founded by the Rajput King Vanraj Chavda in the 8th century. Due to its strategic point on the trade routes, it lured many invaders including Khalji Dynasty, Chauhan Gurjars, Solanki kings, Khichi Chauhans. Later Mahmud Begada captured the city in 1484 and rebuilt Champaner into a splendid new capital. The region faced major devastation in 1535 CE when looted by Mughal Emperor, Humayun who made Ahmedabad the capital city again in order to control Gujarat. This marked the start of the decline of Champaner, which slowly fell into ruins. Later, ASI had rediscovered the city with 39 standing monuments that are a beautiful confluence of Hindu, Jain and Islamic architectural styles.

It was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 2004. The heritage site is studded with prehistoric (chalcolithic) sites, a hill fortress of an early Hindu capital, and remains of the 16th-century capital of the state of Gujarat. The site also includes, other vestiges, fortifications, palaces, Jain and Hindu temples, mosques, residential precincts, agricultural structures and water installations ...

Adventure / Trekking | Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 9 km from Saputara Bus Station and 80 km from Nashik, Hatgad Fort is an ancient fort located at Hatgad village in Nashik district of Maharashtra near Saputara. Situated on Saputara - Nashik Road, it is a major trekking destination on Gujarat - Maharashtra border and among the top historical places to visit as part of Saputara Tour.

Located at an altitude of 3,600 feet in Sahyadri ranges, Hatgad Fort was built in 17th century AD by the great Maratha king Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. This fort was built as a watch tower towards the Nasik area and the inner valleys of the Gujarat. Officially managed and maintained by Archeological Department of Maharashtra, this fort is a delightful destination for history buffs as well as trekkers.

A statue of Lord Ganesha is placed on the top of the fort. One can see a tombstone, a water tank, remnants of a mansion, dilapidated fort walls and an arch shaped structure inside the fort. Unique feature of Hatgadh is two reservoirs, named Jamuna and Ganga, which are the source of water for the villages located in the vicinity earlier. Tourists can enjoy beautiful views of the entire valley and Suragana Village from the top of the fort.

The only way to reach the fort is through trekking via a narrow rocky path. The route to the fort starts just near the Anando Restaurant in front of Club Mahindra Resort. It takes around an hour to reach the top of the fort from the parking place. It's not advisable for kids and ...

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 27 km from Ahwa and 35 km from Saputara Bus Station, Pandava Cave is an ancient cave located at Javtala village in Dang district of Gujarat. It is one of the places of heritage in Gujarat and among the top places to visit during Saputara Tour.

Pandava Cave or Pandav Gufa is one of the most popular historical attractions in the state of Gujarat as it is believed that Pandavas, the heros of epic Mahabharata spent some time during their exile days here. The cave is about 60 m long and 15 m wide. There is an impressive Shivling in the cave which were used by Pandavas to offer their prayers to Lord Shiva. It is said that there are multiple chamber inside the cave of which the biggest one belongs to 'Bhima'.

The best way to visit the cave is from Javtala via Linga. From Javtala one needs to trek around 1.5 km to reach the cave. The trekking route is scenic and also provides glimpses of tribal villages and fort ruins. And the other option is to go to Pandava village on the route to Chinchali village and trek 2-3 km to the Pandava caves. There is no food stall available so visitors need to carry enough food and water.

End of Monsoon season is the best time because after rain, greenery spreads throughout the forest.

Timings: 7 AM - 6 PM

Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 28 km from Mehsana, 35 km from Patan and 100 km from Ahmedabad, Modhera Sun Temple is an ancient Hindu temple located at Modhera village near Patan in Gujarat. Situated on the banks of River Pushpavati, it is one of the popular Sun Temples in India and among the must include places in Patan Tour Packages.

Dedicated to the Sun God, the Sun Temple in Modhera was built by King Bhimdev I of the Solanki dynasty in 1026 AD. This temple not only reflects the architectural abilities of the Solanki rulers it but also, speaks highly of the devotional zeal of the ruling dynasty at that time. As in the Sun Temple at Konark, this temple was also designed that the first rays of the Sun fall on the image of Lord Surya at the time equinoxes. The Temple was plundered by Mahmud Ghazni but still the architectural grandeur does not vanish. At present, no worship is offered here and the temple is a protected monument under Archaeological Survey of India. It was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2014.

Built in Maha-Gurjara style, the temple complex is divided into three parts - the main temple with a Garbha Griha and Guda Mandap, a detached Sabha Mandap, and Surya Kunda. Also known as Rama Kund, Surya Kund is a rectangular stepped tank which is used to store water and perform ceremonies for worshiping the Sun God. An interesting aspect of the kund is that it is marked by 108 miniature shrines at different levels, which can be accessed by staircases ...

Historical & Heritage | Pilgrimage

At a distance of 35 km from Palitana and 55 km from Bhavnagar, Talaja is a historical town situated near Palitana in Bhavnagar district of Gujarat. Located on the banks of Shatrunjaya River, it is one of the popular places to visit in Gujarat and among the must include places in Palitana Tour Packages.

Talaja is better known as the birthplace of the famous poet Narsinh Mehta. Also, it is home to some important sites for Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism. The main attraction here is the ancient Buddhist Rockcut Caves on Talaja hill. The rock-cut cave group includes 30 caves among which 15 are water tanks. The Ebhala Mandapa, a large hall with four octagonal pillars is the most impressive structure of all. These caves are adorned with fine carving of Boddhisatva. The caves are around 2000 years old and require about a 15-20 minutes walk up the hill to reach them. They are of the 4th stage of Buddhist cave architecture, noticeably earlier than the famous Buddhist caves of Maharashtra.

There is a Jain temple along with a Hindu temple of Khodiar Mata atop the hill near the Buddhist Caves. This Jain temple was established by King Kumarpala during the 12th century CE. This is a holy place of the Shri Shatrunjay Panchteerthi and is part of the Shatrunjay hills. The temple was last renovated in 1815 and belongs to Shwetambar sect. of Jainism. The sanctum of the temple house 79 cm tall black colored idol of Sacha Sumatinatha Bhagwan in padmasana posture. Besides this temple, ...

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