About Kolkata

Country: India | State: West Bengal

Ideal Trip Duration: 2 Full Days

Nearest City to Kolkata: Kolkata

Best Time to Visit Kolkata: October to February

Peak Season: October to January

At a distance of 8 km from Howrah, 133 km from Kharagpur, 167 km from Durgapur, 251 km from Balasore, 270 km from Dhanbad, 289 km from Jamshedpur, 424 km from Cuttack, 449 km from Bhubaneswar, 480 km from Gaya, 550 km from Siliguri and 579 km from Patna, Kolkata is the capital city of the West Bengal, India. Formerly known as Calcutta, it is the second-largest city in India after Mumbai and among the most popular tourist places to visit in West Bengal.

Fondly called as the 'City of Joy', Kolkata is a vibrant 350-year-old metropolis located on India's Eastern Coast and has retained its quintessential charm despite modernization. It holds an important place in the economy, politics, and culture of India. The city is associated with some of the greatest thinkers, artists, filmmakers, and writers like Rabindranath Tagore, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay and Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay and Satyajit Ray.

According to the historical evidence, the region in which the city stands has been inhabited for over two millennia. It is believed that Kalikata was the ancient name of the city and was derived from the Bengali word 'Kalikshetra', which means 'Ground of Goddess Kali.' Kolkata's recorded history began in 1690 when Job Charnock, an agent of East India Company came to the city and bought three villages (Sutanuti, Kolkata, Gobindapur) from the local landlord. In 1699, the East India Company started developing the city as a Presidency city and named it Calcutta. Kolkata was the capital of the British Indian Empire until 1911 when the capital was relocated to Delhi due to perceived geographical disadvantages and growing nationalism in Bengal. When India gained freedom in 1947, the country got partitioned between India and Pakistan in which Calcutta was included in the Indian part of Bengal and became the capital city of West Bengal. In 2001, the Indian government renamed Calcutta to Kolkata. 

The first British capital of India is a city of every traveler's dream as it boasts of marvelous architecture, rich art galleries, vibrant culture, and historical significance. Victoria Memorial, Fort William, Howrah Bridge, Belur Math, Birla Planetarium, Indian Museum, St. Paul's Cathedral, Science City, Marble Palace Mansion, Birla Mandir, Dakshineswar Kali Temple, Mother House, and Eden Gardens are the top places to visit in Kolkata. The city offers genuine traditional art and handicrafts items along with delicious food at unbelievably cheaper rates. New Market, Bara Bazaar, College Street and Gariahat are the city's eminent shopping joints that offer anything and everything unique to Bengal.

About 10 km from Kolkata, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport is the nearest airport and has well-connected flights from Guwahati, New Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Vishakhapatnam, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Indore, Agartala, Bhubaneswar, Dibrugarh, Goa, Siliguri, Pune, Patna, Surat, and Jaipur. Kolkata Railway Station is well connected by trains with Dhaka, Puri, Bikaner, Dibrugarh, Khulna, Jhansi, Amritsar, Darbhanga, Haldibari, Jammu, Agra, Udaipur, Ahmedabad, Gorakhpur, Patna, Ghazipur, Guwahati, Muzzafarpur, New Jalpaiguri and Lucknow. Howrah Junction, about 8 km from Kolkata, is the other major railhead which is well connected by trains with almost all the major cities in India. Kolkata is well connected by road with Bhubaneswar, Puri, Siliguri, Durgapur, Haldia, Dhanbad, Patna, Ranchi, Cuttack, and Gaya.

Owing to its expansive history and rich traditions, Kolkata has become the cultural capital of India. Durga Puja is the most extravagant religious celebration in the city when the streets turn into dazzling kaleidoscopes and men and women immerse in the colors of Vermillion. Millions of lamps are lit on the streets, and vast and colorful clay statues of goddess Durga are displayed in pandals. Apart from Durga Puja, Holi, Diwali, Vasanth Panchami, Poush Parbon, Bhai Phota, Poila Boishakh, Christmas, etc. are the other festivals celebrated here with great enthusiasm.

The best time to visit Kolkata is from October to February when the weather is perfect and festivities are plenty. This is the season which witnesses the peak arrival of travelers, especially during Durga Puja. Being the tropical city, summers in Kolkata are hot and humid. It is too difficult to bear the scorching heat.

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Other Info
Internet Availability: Good
STD Code: 033
Languages Spoken: Bengali, Hindi & English
Major Festivals: Durga Puja, Holi, Diwali, & Vasanth Panchami

How to Reach Kolkata

By Air

Nearest Airport: Kolkata - Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport (10 Kms)

By Train

Nearest Train Station: Kolkata Railway Station (0 Kms)
Howrah Junction (8 Kms)

By Bus

Nearest Bus Station: Esplanade Bus Terminus (8 Kms)

Top 16 Places to Visit in Kolkata

#1 of 29 Places to Visit in Kolkata

At a distance of 11 km from Kolkata Railway Station, the Victoria Memorial is a historical building and museum located in the heart of Kolkata, West Bengal. It is considered one of the most iconic structures in Kolkata and among the best places to visit as part of Kolkata Tour Packages.

Spread over 57 acres of land, Victoria Memorial was built by Lord Curzon in the memory of Queen Victoria to celebrate her 25 years of rule over India. The Queen had become the figurehead of India after the Revolt of 1857 and successfully ruled over the country until her death in 1901. King George V and the Prince of Whales laid down the foundation stone for the memorial in 1906, and the memorial was finally opened to the general public in 1921. It is interesting to note that the Victoria Memorial was built with the funds collected from the people of India.

This white marbled opulent structure was built on the lines of the Victoria Memorial in London. The chief architect of the memorial is William .....

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#2 of 29 Places to Visit in Kolkata

At a distance of 9 km from Kolkata Railway Station, Dakshineswar Kali Temple is a famous Hindu temple located in Dakshineswar locality of Kolkata, West Bengal. Situated on the eastern bank of Hooghly River, it is one of the largest temples in Kolkata and among the must include places in Kolkata Tour Packages.

Dedicated goddess Kali, the temple was built in 1855 CE by Rani Rashmoni, a Philanthropist and a devotee of Kali. According to history, Dakshineswar was a mere village nestled along the eastern bank of the River Ganges in the early phase of the 1800s. It is said that Rani Rashmoni of Janbazar, while on her pilgrimage to Varanasi, had a dream, where she was instructed to build a Kali temple. She was intensely moved by the dream and to materialize it, she instructed her people to search for suitable plots to erect the Kali Temple. After a long hunt for land, eventually, a 20-acre plot was selected in the village of Dakshineswar. The construction of Dakshineswar temple was initiated .....

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#3 of 29 Places to Visit in Kolkata

At a distance of 8 km from Kolkata Railway Station, Indian Museum is a museum located at Park Street in Kolkata. Popularly known as 'Jadughar', it is the oldest and the largest museum in India and among the popular Kolkata Tourist Places.

Referred to as the Imperial Museum in British India era texts, Indian Museum is the earliest and the largest multipurpose museum in India and the ninth oldest museum of the world. The museum was founded in 1814 by the Asiatic Society of Bengal at the present building of the Asiatic Society, 1 Park Street, Kolkata. The founder curator was Nathaniel Wallich, a Danish botanist. Later, the museum was shifted to the present building in 1878. This is an autonomous organization under Ministry of Culture, Government of India.

Designed by Walter B Grawille in Italian Style, the museum building comprises of three floors, each spanning across an area of about 930 sq. meters. Presently, the museum has 35 galleries which have been divided into six categories .....

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#4 of 29 Places to Visit in Kolkata

At a distance of 13 km from Kolkata Railway Station, Kalighat Kali Temple is a Hindu temple located in Kalighat area of Kolkata, West Bengal. Lying on the old course of River Hooghly, it is considered as one of the popular Kali temples in India and among the popular places to visit as part of Kolkata Tour.

Dedicated to Goddess Kali, Kalighat Kali Temple is regarded as one of the 51 Shakti Peethas of the country. According to mythology, this is the place where toe from the right foot of Goddess has fallen when Lord Shiva did Rudra Tandava with Goddess body in his hands after her immolation at the holy pyre of yagna by King Daksha.

Kalighat Temple is believed to have existed from the time of Chandragupta II. The original temple was a small structure constructed by King Manasingha in the early 16th century. The present structure was built in 1809 under the patronage of Sabarna Roy Chowdhry family of Banisha. There is a dispute about the ownership of the temple between Chowdhrys .....

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#5 of 29 Places to Visit in Kolkata

At a distance of 11 km from Kolkata Railway Station, St. Paul Cathedral is an Anglican church located in Kolkata, West Bengal. Situated to the east of the Victoria Memorial, it is one of the largest churches in India and among the popular places to visit in Kolkata.

St. Paul's Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral of the Church of North India and the seat of the Diocese of Calcutta. The construction of the church was initiated in 1839 under the benefaction of Bishop Daniel Wilson. Completed in 1837, it is said to be the largest cathedral in Kolkata and the first Episcopal Church in Asia. It was also the first cathedral built in the overseas territory of the British Empire. The edifice stands on Cathedral Road on the 'island of attractions'. The cathedral was severely damaged during the great earthquake of 12th June 1897, when the upper part of the steeple fell, to be restored later but it was completely destroyed in the earthquake of 1934, after which the tower was constructed in place .....

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#6 of 29 Places to Visit in Kolkata

At a distance of 12 km from Kolkata Railway Station, Science City is a science center located in Kolkata city of West Bengal. Situated at the crossing of Eastern Metropolitan Bypass and JBS Haldane Avenue, it is the biggest science center in India and among the major Kolkata Tourist Places.

One of its kind in India, the Science City, Kolkata is a unit of the National Council of Science Museums (NCSM), the Ministry of Culture, Government of India. It was opened on 1st July 1997 as a major attraction for the residents' of Kolkata as well as for the national and international visitors to the metropolis. Among the largest and finest in the world, it is presenting science and technology in a stimulating and engaging environment that is truly educational and enjoyable for the people of all ages.
Sprawling in 50 acres, Science City boasts of two facilities, the Science Centre and the Convention Centre. The Science Centre features several galleries and halls, each of which educates visitors .....

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#7 of 29 Places to Visit in Kolkata

At a distance of 6 km from Kolkata Railway Station, Howrah Bridge is an old suspension bridge located in Kolkata, West Bengal. Also known as Rabindra Setu, it is one of the longest cantilever bridges in the world and an iconic landmark of Kolkata.

Howrah Bridge is a massive steel bridge constructed over the Hooghly River. Commissioned in 1943, the bridge was originally named the New Howrah Bridge, because it replaced a pontoon bridge at the same location linking the two cities of Howrah and Kolkata. It was renamed Rabindra Setu in 1965 after the great Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore, who was the first Indian and Asian Nobel laureate. It is still popularly known as the Howrah Bridge. It is perhaps the best-known bridge in India and certainly one of the most recognizable.

Howrah Bridge was the third-longest cantilever bridges in the world at the time of its construction, but now it is the sixth-longest of its kind. The bridge is one of four bridges on the Hooghly River while .....

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#8 of 29 Places to Visit in Kolkata

At a distance of 7 km from Howrah Junction and 14 km from Kolkata Railway Station, Belur Math is a popular temple and institute located on the western bank of River Hooghly in Kolkata. It is one of the significant institutions in Kolkata and among the must include places in Kolkata Packages.

Beluṛ Maṭh in Kolkata is a place of pilgrimage and also the headquarters of the Ramakrishna Math and Mission, founded by Swami Vivekananda. Swami Vijnanananda, a brother-monk of Swami Vivekananda and one of the monastic disciples of Ramakrishna Paramahansa, laid the foundation stone of Ramakrishna Temple in the year 1935. The massive construction was handled by Martin Burn & Co. This temple has become the hub of the Ramakrishna Movement. The Belur Math is visited by people from all over the world, irrespective of the religion. The people who are not interested in religion also come to Belur Math to experience and appreciate the peace that it diffuses into the environment, and ultimately .....

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#9 of 29 Places to Visit in Kolkata

At a distance of 11 km from Kolkata Railway Station, Kolkata Zoo is zoological garden located in Alipore locality of Kolkata in the state of West Bengal. Situated near National Library, it is the oldest zoological parks in India and among the must-visit places during your Kolkata Trip.

Popularly called as Alipore Zoo, the zoo was initially established as a private menagerie by the then Governor-General of India, Richard Wellesley, around the year 1800 as a part of the Indian Natural History Project. It was upgraded to a formal zoological garden on 1st January 1876 and was finally opened to the general public on 6th May 1876. The zoo is most known for being the home of the expired Aldabra giant tortoise 'Adwaita', who had lived for over 250 years before he died in the year 2006. The place is a must-visit for nature enthusiasts, or for families with children, to explore the abundant and plentiful wildlife of the country at its best.

Spread over an area of 46.5 acres, Alipore .....

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#10 of 29 Places to Visit in Kolkata

At a distance of 2 km from Kolkata Railway Station, Pareshnath Jain Temple is a popular Jain temple located at Badridas Temple Street in the city of Kolkata. Also called as Calcutta Jain Temple, it is one of the significant places of pilgrimage in Kolkata and among the must-visit places as part of Kolkata Packages.

Pareshnath Jain Temple was built in 1867 by Rai Badridas Bahadur Mookim and pratishta was done by Sri Kalyansurishwarji Maharaj. It is one of the most revered and holy shrines of the Jains in Kolkata. The Pareshnath Jain Temple is actually a complex of 4 temples - Shitalnath Temple, Chandraprabhuji temple, Mahavir Swami Temple, and Dadawadi and Kushal Maharaj Temple. Each of these temples has a captivating architecture with mirrors, stained glass and intricate designs all over the structure. The structure is mostly made in marble with floral designs and has meticulously decorated gateways, walls, pillars, and floors.

The main shrine is dedicated to the 10th Tirthankara, .....

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#11 of 29 Places to Visit in Kolkata

At a distance of 10 km from Kolkata Railway Station, Birla Mandir is a popular Hindu temple located in Ashutosh Chowdary Avenue in Kolkata, West Bengal. Placed opposite to Ballygunge Post Office, it is one of the popular Birla temples in India and among the most visited places in Kolkata.

Built by the industrialist Birla family, the temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna and his beloved Radha. The construction of the temple began in 1970 but it was completed in 1996. The Pran Prathistha ceremony of the idols was done by Swami Chidananda Maharaj. The magnificent Birla Mandir of Kolkata is an exemplary work of art and is one of the finest architectural beauties of the city.

The temple represents a beautiful blend of traditional and contemporary art. The colossal structure stands at 160 feet above the ground and is spread over 44 kathas of land. The architectural pattern of the temple is partly inspired by the Laxmi Narayan Temple and Lingaraj Temple of Bhubaneswar. The entire temple .....

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#12 of 29 Places to Visit in Kolkata

At a distance of 9 km from Kolkata Railway Station, Birla Planetarium or M.P. Birla Planetarium is an iconic structure located near Victoria Memorial in Kolkata. Situated adjacent to St. Paul's Cathedral, it is the second-largest planetarium in the world and among the major Kolkata Tourist Places.

Birla Planetarium was founded in 1962 and was formally inaugurated in 1963 by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India. Also known as Taramandal, it is the largest planetarium in Asia and one of the three planetariums present in India. Known for space science and astronomy museum, the planetarium houses numerous innovations and creativity, giving out knowledge to its fellow visitors. This is a must-visit place for children and students as it provides a great learning opportunity and generates interest among them.

Birla Planetarium is a single-storied circular structure whose architecture is based on the famous Buddhist Stupa at Sanchi. The dome has a diameter of .....

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#13 of 29 Places to Visit in Kolkata

At a distance of 9 km from Kolkata Railway Station, ISKCON Kolkata is a place of pilgrimage located in Kolkata. Also known as Sri Sri Radha Govinda Temple, it is one of the ISKCON Temples in India and among the famous places to visit in Kolkata.

ISKCON Temple was established by Srila Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada in 1971. Dedicated to Lord Krishna, this is the foremost center of the ISKCON Society in India. ISKCON Radha Krishna Temple is a highly spiritual place for the devotees and is mainly focuses on spreading the teachings of Lord Krishna. It is not restricted to any one particular religion as such and welcomes enthusiasts or people interested in learning about these teachings with open arms.

The temple is a serene complex that houses beautifully ornamented idols of Goddess Radha and Lord Krishna. The ambiance of the temple with the chanting of Hare Krishna reverberating in the atmosphere draws many devotees and tourists to this serene shrine. The temple also houses a .....

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#14 of 29 Places to Visit in Kolkata

At a distance of 9 km from Kolkata Railway Station, Birla Industrial & Technological Museum is a science museum located in Ballygunge area of Kolkata. It is the first science museum in India and among the prime attractions of Kolkata and the must-visit place for kids, science students, and science lovers.

Established in the year 1959, Birla Industrial & Technological Museum (BITM) in Kolkata is the first science museum in the country under the National Council of Science Museums (NCSM), Ministry of Culture, Govt. of India. The idea behind this pioneering initiative came from Dr. B C Roy, the then Chief Minister of West Bengal who after visiting the Deutsches Museum in Munich was inspired to create a similar institution in India. In 1956, Sri GD Birla donated the Birla Park, his sprawling bungalow and the adjoining plot of land for setting up the museum. This entire transformation of the place from a park to a museum took nearly 3 years.

The main objective of the museum is .....

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#15 of 29 Places to Visit in Kolkata

At a distance of 14 km from Kolkata Railway Station, Eco Tourism Park is an urban park located in New Town area of Kolkata in West Bengal. Also known as Prakriti Tirtha, it is the biggest Eco parks in India and one of the serene places to visit during your Kolkata Trip.

The park was established in 2013 in order to promote eco-tourism in the city. This expansive park occupies over an area of around 480 acres of land which includes a 200 acres water body. The idea of an Eco Tourism Park was proposed by Mamata Banerjee, the Chief Minister of West Bengal and was developed by the Housing Infrastructure Development Corporation of West Bengal coordinated with several departments.

The park features urban recreational spaces and three sections like ecological zones, theme gardens and open spaces making it a perfect getaway to relax and unwind. In the ecological section, there are wetlands, urban forests, and grasslands. Eco Tourism Park surrounds a picturesque water body with an island .....

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#16 of 29 Places to Visit in Kolkata

At a distance of 9 km from Kolkata Railway Station, Park Street is the prominent road located in Kolkata of West Bengal. Officially known as Mother Teresa Sarani, it is one of the most visited and famous places for hangout in Kolkata.

Park Street is one of the oldest roads in the city constructed by Britishers. The street begins at Chowringhee Road or JL Nehru road and stretches till Park Circus crossing. It boasts of a surprisingly diverse range of attractions that range from beautiful Colonial buildings to bustling shopping outlets and from popular restaurants to many night clubs. It is a prominent entertainment and commercial hub of Kolkata. A number of prominent landmarks are also located in or near Park Street including Asiatic Society, St. Xavier's College, South Park Street Cemetery and The Park Hotel.

Often known as 'Food Street' and 'The Street that Never Sleeps', the street has been a crowd-puller since the reign of the British Kingdom and undergone modifications .....

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