About Ujjain

Country: India | State: Madhya Pradesh

Ideal Trip Duration: 1-2 Days

Nearest City to Ujjain: Indore (56 Kms)

Best Time to Visit Ujjain: October to March

Peak Season: November to February

At a distance of 56 km from Indore, 197 km from Bhopal, 265 km from Kota, 266 km from Chittorgarh, 336 km from Udaipur, 341 km from Vadodara, 389 km from Ahmedabad, 455 km from Tikamgarh, 485 km from Surat, 516 km from Jaipur, Ujjain is an ancient city situated in the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh. It is one of the holiest cities of India, and among the must include places in Madhya Pradesh tour packages.

Situated on the banks of the Kshipra River, Ujjain is one of the divine lands in Madhya Pradesh which fascinates its tourists with its religious significance. It is one of the prominent places to visit near Indore. The ancient city is known as the temple city for its numerous temples from different eras including one of the 12 Jyotirlingas the Mahakaleshwar Temple. It is one of the four sacred sites in India, where the famous 'Kumbh Mela', the world's largest religious gathering, is organized once in 12 years. Ujjain is considered the Greenwich of India, with the first meridian of longitude passing through it. Being one of the most popular tourist hubs in Madhya Pradesh, Ujjain is an ideal site for religious tourism in India.

Also known by the names Ujjain, Avanti, Avantika, and Avantikapuri, the city of Ujjain existed from the pre-Mahabharata Era. Lord Krishna believed to have received his education from Sandipani Ashram in Ujjain. According to mythology, this is also the place where Lord Ram performed 'Pind-Daan' for his father king Dasharat. As per history, the city has been ruled by King Vikramaditya from the Gupta dynasty for a very long time. It emerged as the political center of central India around 600 BCE. In the 4th century BCE, the Mauryan emperor Chandragupta annexed Avanti to his empire, and his grandson the great Ashoka served as the viceroy of Ujjain.

Later the Paramaras (9th-14th century CE) took control over the city, and Iltutmish of Delhi Sultanate plundered the city in 1235 CE. Later, Ujjain came under the reign of the Mughal emperor Akbar and then the city became the capital of the Malwa. Then, during the last half of the 18th century, Ujjain served as the headquarters of the Maratha leader Scindia. The Scindias later established themselves at Gwalior, and Ujjain remained part of Gwalior state until 1947. After India's Independence, the Scindia ruler of Gwalior acceded to the Indian Union, and Ujjain became part of the Madhya Bharat state. In 1956, Madhya Bharat merged into the Madhya Pradesh state.

A large number of tourists including foreigners visit this wonderful destination to enjoy the sight of splendid temples and other places of worship that enhances the beauty of Ujjain. Mahakaleshwar Temple, Kal Bhairava Temple, Ram Ghat, Harsiddhi Temple, Kalideh Palace, Pir Matsyendranath, Jantar Mantar, Bhartrihari Caves, ISKCON Temple, Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir, etc., are some of the popular and top places to visit in Ujjain.

Kumbh Mela is a popular festival celebrated in Ujjain with great enthusiasm, which is known to bring together people of different religions, castes, and mindsets. Considered one of the largest religious festivals in the world, devotees from across the globe visit Ujjain during this time and bathe in the holy waters. Maha Shivaratri is another significant festival celebrated in Ujjain due to the presence of Mahakaleshwar. Karthik Mela, All India Kalidas Samaroh, Kalidasa Handmade Craft Mela, Mahakal Shravan Sawari, Pancheshani Yatra, Holi, Diwali, and Dussehra are the other main festivals celebrated here with great pomp and fervor.

About 58 k from Ujjain, Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar Airport, Indore is the nearest airport that has well-connected flights from Mumbai, New Delhi, Bangalore, Kolkata, Hyderabad, and Ahmedabad. Ujjain Junction Railway Station is the nearest railhead that has well-connected trains from Indore, Shalimar, Gwalior, Jaipur, Bhopal, Kamakhya, Kochuveli, Veraval, Bangalore, Somnath, Dehradun, Jhansi, Ahmedabad, Bhuj, Pune, Mumbai, Gorakhpur, Muzaffarpur, Gandhi Dham, New Delhi, Puri, Lucknow, Bilaspur, Patna, Okha, Surat, Hyderabad, Chandigarh, Surat, Varanasi, Darbhanga, Mysuru, and Jabalpur. Dewas Gate Stand and Nana Kheda Bus Stand are the nearest bus stations that have frequent bus connectivity with all major cities of Madhya Pradesh.

The best time to visit Ujjain is from October to March when the weather is pleasant and just perfect for sightseeing. While the winter months are icy cold, summer months (March - June) are extremely hot. Ujjain is pleasant during the monsoon since the rainfall is moderate and not heavy.

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Other Info
Internet Availability: Average
STD Code: 0734
Languages Spoken: Hindi, Malwi, Gujarati, Marathi, Sindhi & English
Major Festivals: Kumbh Mela, Karthik Mela, Mahashivratri & All India Kalidas Samaroh
Notes/Tips:
None

How to Reach Ujjain

By Air

Nearest Airport: Indore - Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar Airport (58 Kms)

By Train

Nearest Train Station: Ujjain Junction (0 Kms)

By Bus

Nearest Bus Station: Ujjain Bus Stand (5 Kms)

Top 14 Places to Visit in Ujjain

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#1 of 18 Places to Visit in Ujjain

At a distance of 2 km from Ujjain Junction, Mahakaleshwar is a sacred Hindu temple located in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. Situated beside the Rudra Sagar Lake, it is one of the Jyotirlinga temples in India, and among the must include places in Ujjain Tour Packages.

Dedicated to Lord Shiva, Mahakaleshwar Temple is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, which are said to be the most sacred abodes of Lord Shiva. The presiding deity, Lord Shiva in the lingam form is believed to be Swayambhu, deriving currents of power (Shakti) from within itself as against the other images and lingams that are ritually established and invested with mantra-shakti. Also, the shrine is revered as one of the 18 Maha Shakti Peethams that are believed to have enshrined with the presence of Shakti due to the falling of body parts of the corpse of Sati Devi, when Lord Shiva carried it. The upper lip of Sati Devi is said to have fallen here and the Shakti is called Mahakali.

Also known as Ujjain Temple, Mahakaleshwar .....

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#2 of 18 Places to Visit in Ujjain

At a distance of 7 km from Ujjain Junction, Kal Bhairav Temple is a revered Hindu shrine located in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. Situated on the banks of the Kshipra River, it is one of the most active temples in Ujjain, and among the top places to visit in Ujjain.
The Kal Bhairav Temple is dedicated to Kal Bhairav, a fierce manifestation of Lord Shiva, and he is regarded as the guardian deity of the city. Though Ujjain houses a huge number of temples within its geographical area, Kal Bhairav is the most prominent one and records a footfall of thousands of devotees every day. The worship of Ashta Bhairava is a part of the Saivite tradition, and the Kal Bhairav is considered their chief. The worship of Kal Bhairav was traditionally popular among the Kapalika and Aghora sects, and Ujjain was a prominent center of these sects.

According to the Avanti Khanda of the Skanda Purana, the original temple of Lord Kal Bhairav is believed to have been built by an obscure king named Bhadrasen. .....

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#3 of 18 Places to Visit in Ujjain

At a distance of 3 km from Ujjain Junction, Ram Ghat or Ram Mandir Ghat is a bathing ghat on the banks of Kshipra River in the holy city of Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. It is one of the famous Ghats in Ujjain, and among the must-visit places during your Ujjain Darshan.

Ram Ghat is of immense religious significance to Hindus as it is one of the four locations where the Kumbh Mela takes place every 12 years. It is believed that Lord Vishnu dribbled some drops of Amrit at Ram Ghat. It is considered to be one of the oldest bathing Ghats in connection with the Kumbh celebrations. Regarded as one of the largest religious festivals in the world, the Kumbh Mela holds great importance among the followers of Hinduism, which is evident from the fact that almost 2 crore people attend the mela.

The evening Kshipra aarti is one of the best attractions at Ram Ghat. There is a wide range of temples located at the ghat, out of which the temple of Chitragupta is the most revered one. Watching the .....

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#4 of 18 Places to Visit in Ujjain

At a distance of 2.5 km from Ujjain Junction, Harsiddhi Temple is a sacred Hindu temple located in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. Situated near Mahakal Temple, it is one of the most sacred temples in India, and among the popular religious places to visit in Ujjain.

Dedicated goddess Parvati, Harsiddhi Temple is one of the 51 Shaktipeeths of Mata Sati. According to the legend, when Goddess Parvati had gone into the sacrificial fire, Lord Shiva carried her body and her elbow is fell here and thus the temple came into existence. The main deity is colored with dark vermillion color in the center of a very large temple complex. Tourists can also pay obeisance to the idols of Goddess Annapurna, Goddess Mahalakshmi, and Goddess Mahasaraswati.

The temple architecture has some Maratha influences. It has four entrances, one in each direction, and the main entrance is on the eastern side. The Sri Yantra, the symbol of power or shakti, is also enshrined in the temple. The two pillars adorned .....

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Heritage

#5 of 18 Places to Visit in Ujjain

At a distance of 10 km from Ujjain Junction, Kaliadeh Palace is an old palace located in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. Also known as KD Palace, it is one of the most famous places of heritage in Madhya Pradesh, and among the best Ujjain tourist places.

The Kaliadeh Palace was built by the Sultan of Mandu in the year 1458 AD during the time of Mahmud Khilji. The place was once recorded as a beautiful temple of the Sun god on the banks of River Kshipra with two tanks with the name of Surya Kunda and the Brahma Kunda. The palace was damaged by Pindaris but was later restored by Maharaja Madho Rao Scindia in 1920.

The architecture of this palace is very significant and has a big central hall also called the middle arena. The central dome of the palace is a wonderful example of Persian architecture. It was so celebrated in the past that once Emperor Akbar and Jehangir had visited this gorgeous monument, which is reflected in the two Persian inscriptions that are found in one of the corridors .....

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Museum

#6 of 18 Places to Visit in Ujjain

At a distance of 2.5 km from Ujjain Junction, Jantar Mantar is an observatory located in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. Also known as Vedha Shala, it is the oldest observatory in India, and among the well-known places to visit as part of Ujjain Packages.

Jantar Mantar in Ujjain was built by Sawai Raja Jai Singh between 1725 and 1730 AD to help the Hindu scholars and astrologers with their research and studies. Furthermore, the then Maharaja of Gwalior, Madhav Rao Scindia renovated it in 1923 AD. It is the oldest among the five built by Jai Singh in India, the others situated at Delhi, Jaipur, Mathura, and Varanasi. According to some Indian astronomers, the Tropic of Cancer is supposed to pass through Ujjain, which makes Jantar Mantar a more important observatory for Hindu geographers as well. The architectural masterpiece enjoys a great significance in the field of astronomy even today.

The name Jantar Mantar comes from the Sanskrit words 'Yantra' and 'Mantra' meaning the magical .....

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Heritage

#7 of 18 Places to Visit in Ujjain

At a distance of 4 km from Ujjain Junction, Bhartrihari Caves are the historical caves located in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. Situated near Gadkalika Temple, it is one of the famous Ujjain Tourist Places.

The Bhartrihari Caves, situated on the banks of River Shipra, are assigned to the 11th century AD. Named after the famous sage 'Bhartrihari', the caves stand as testimony to the traditional wealth of India. Legend has it that this is the very place where Bhartrihari, the stepbrother of Vikramaditya and a very renowned poet used to live and meditate 12 years after relinquishing all the luxuries of life. Born as a king, Bhartrihari renounced his affluent lifestyle and adopted the garb of an ascetic due to his disturbing relation with his wife. The heartbreak led him to give up all his palatial dreams and become a spiritualist.

The caves have extremely narrow entrances, which can be very tricky to access. Supported by stone pillars, the cave has multiple rooms that house idols or .....

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#8 of 18 Places to Visit in Ujjain

At a distance of 2.5 km from Ujjain Junction, Bada Ganesh Mandir is a sacred Hindu shrine located in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. Situated near the Mahakaleshwar Temple, it is one of the sacred temples to visit as part of the Ujjain Temple Darshan.

The city of Ujjain is often called the city of the temple as it is home to many temples, and religious sites. Sri Bade Ganesh Ji Ka Mandir is one of the most popular religious places in Ujjain. The most iconic thing about the temple is the massive artistic sculpture of Ganesha - the Lord of wisdom and prosperity - that adorns its premises. It is said that this Ganesh idol was established by Maharishi Guru Maharaj Siddhant Vagesh Pt. Narayan Ji Vyas.

The Ganesh idol at the Bade Ganesh Ji ka Mandir is about 18 feet high and 10 feet wide and the trunk of Lord Ganesh in this statue is clockwise. There are a trident and swastika on the head of the statue. A Ladoo is pressed into the trunk rotating to the right. Lord Ganesh has huge ears, .....

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#9 of 18 Places to Visit in Ujjain

At a distance of 6 km from Ujjain Junction, Mangalnath Temple is a Hindu temple located in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. Situated near Mangalnath Ghat, it is one of the popular temples in Ujjain, and among the best places to visit in Ujjain.

Located on the banks of the Shipra River, the Mangalnath Temple is dedicated to Mahadeva. It is one of the most active temples in the city, visited by hundreds of devotees daily. This place is regarded as the birthplace of Mars and is the planet that is associated with valor, strength, courage, and righteousness. According to Matsya Purana, the temple is located on the spot where Lord Shiva had a violent battle with the demon Andhakasura. During the battle, a drop of sweat from Lord Shiva's forehead dropped on the ground and created the Shiva Linga.

The temple welcomes a huge rush of devotees on Tuesdays. People who are supposed to have a weak Mangal or 'Mangal dosh' come here routinely to conduct a Mangal Shanti pooja.

Timings: 5 AM .....

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#10 of 18 Places to Visit in Ujjain

At a distance of 5 km from Ujjain Junction, ISKCON Temple is a beautiful temple located in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. Situated near Nandkheda Bus Stand, it is one of the prominent ISKCON temples in India, and among the famous temples in Ujjain.

Also known as Radha Madhana Mohan Temple, ISCKON Temple is a magnificent marble temple opened in 2006. This temple has special significance for Krishna's followers since Krishna, Balaram, and Sudama are believed to have received their education from Maharishi Sandipani in this city. It is the only fully solar-powered temple in Ujjain and the ISKCON organization.

There are three sanctum sanctorum in the temple housing the idols of Radha Madhana Mohan, Lord Krishna and Radha with Gopis, and Sri Gauri Nitai. The temple also has a charming collection of sculptures of Hindu deities, abundant flower beds, and Tulsi gardens. One can witness the continuous music with chanting of Hare Krishna Hare Rama Dhun throughout the day. Besides, the temple .....

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#11 of 18 Places to Visit in Ujjain

At a distance of 5 km from Ujjain Junction, Gadhkalika is a sacred Hindu temple located in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. Situated near Bhartrihari Caves, it is one of the must include places in Ujjain Darshan, and among the famous places to visit in Ujjain.

Gadkalika Temple is an ancient Hindu shrine dedicated to Goddess Kali that dates back to the period of the Mahabharata war. However, the idol of Goddess Kalika is said to be even older than the temple as it is claimed to be of the era of Satyuga. The temple was renovated in the 7th century by King Harshvardhan. The temple has been rebuilt in modern times by the erstwhile Gwalior State. Due to its location near the village of Gad, this temple got the name of Gadkalika Mandir.

Popularly called as Ujjain Mahakali, the temple is one of the eighteen Shakti Peethas where the upper lip of goddess Sati fell here. The Gadkalika Temple holds tremendous religious significance, especially among students as it is believed to be the place .....

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Museum

#12 of 18 Places to Visit in Ujjain

At a distance of 4 km from Ujjain Junction, Vikram Kirti Mandir is a cultural center & museum located in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. It is one of the best places to visit in the holy city of Ujjain.

The Vikram Kirti Mandir was established on the occasion of the second millennium of the Vikram era in the year 1965. It has been established in order to jog the memory of the young generation about the glory of the Mauryan Age. The complex houses the Scindia Oriental Research Institute, an art gallery, an archaeological museum, and an auditorium.

The Scindia Oriental Research Institute has a priceless assortment of 18,000 manuscripts on different subjects and manages a reference library of vital oriental publications. Rare manuscripts in Prakrit, Arabic, Persian, and other Indian languages cover a wide range of subjects from Vedic literature and philosophy to dance and music. Bark leaf (Bhurja Patra) and Palm leaf manuscripts are also preserved in this Oriental Research Institute. .....

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#13 of 18 Places to Visit in Ujjain

At a distance of 4 km from Ujjain Junction, Ram Janardhan Temple is a sacred temple located in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. Situated near Sandipani Ashram, it is one of the significant attractions in Ujjain.

Built-in the 17th century, Ram Janardhan Temple in Ujjain was built by Mirza Raja Jaisingh. It has the temples of Shree Ram and Janardan (Vishnu). The site appears to have been an ancient temple site as many of the images installed therein belong to the 11th and 12th centuries. During the eighteenth century, some new structures were also added to the temple by the Marathas.

Ram Janardhan Mandir is a perfect example of the elegant and fabulous architectural structural style of the Maratha period. The images of Govardhandhari Krishna, Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh are very striking for their architectural grandeur and sculptural excellence. The imposing and classic Maratha paintings decorate the walls add to the overall appeal of the temple.

Timings 6 AM - 7 PM

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#14 of 18 Places to Visit in Ujjain

At a distance of 2 km from Ujjain Junction, Chaubis Khamba Temple is a revered shrine located in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. Situated near Mahakal Temple, it is one of the oldest temples in Ujjain, and among the most popular tourist places in Ujjain.

Dating back to the 9th or 10th century, the temple is dedicated to Chhoti Mata and Badi Mata and is hailed as a holy site among the followers of Hinduism. It is an architectural marvel that was built during the times of King Vikramaditya. The temple got its name from the 24 pillars that adorn the structure of this temple.

The entrance showcases the images of guardian goddesses of the Temple - Mahalaya, and Mahamaya with their names inscribed on the footsteps of the temple. According to olden tradition, this was the majestic entrance gate of the magnificent Mahakala-Vana.

The auspicious day of Shukla Paksha Ashtami and Navratri is observed here on a huge scale that attracts a large number of devotees.

Timings: 5 AM - .....

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