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23 BEST HISTORICAL PLACES & HERITAGE SITES NEAR DELHI

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Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 20 km from New Delhi Railway Station and 5 km from Tughlaqabad Railway Station, Tughlaqabad Fort is a ruined fort situated on the main Mehrauli - Badarpur Road in South Delhi. It is one of the ideal places to visit near Delhi for a day trip.

The Tughlaqabad Fort was built by the founder of the Tughlaq Dynasty, Ghiyas-ud-din-Tughlaq in 1321. Ghias-ud-din Tughlaq, also called as Ghazi Malik, was the slave who served Sultan Mubarak Khilji of Khilji Dynasty. Ghazi Malik drove away the Khilji ruler and built his city of Tughlaqabad and the fort. Established as the 3rd historic city, the fort was later abandoned in 1327 after a curse given by Nizamuddin Auliya.

The fort is divided into three parts, main city area with houses built along a rectangular grid between its gates, the citadel with a tower at its highest point known as Bijai-Mandal and the adjacent palace area containing the royal residences. The fortified .....


Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 24 km from Gurgaon & 55 km from New Delhi, Farrukhnagar is a historical town in Gurgaon district of Haryana. It is one of the nine administrative blocks of Gurgaon district and shares its border with Jhajjar district.

Farukh Nagar was established in 1732 by Faujdar Khan, the first Nawab of Farrukhnagar and a governor under Mughal Emperor. Farrukhnagar flourished due to its salt trade till the late 19th century, and was abandoned in the early 20th century during the British Raj. Sheesh Mahal and Jama Masjid are the noted Mughal era monuments situated in this fort town.

Farukh Nagar Fort, which was built in the 18th century by Nawab Faujdar Khan, is one of the popular tourist attractions in the town. The fort has an impressive bastion Dilli Darwaza, with a typical Mughal architecture. It was one of the entrance gates to the Farukh Nagar town. Today the fort is mostly in ruins, though it underwent restoration in 2009. Out of five entrances, this gateway is one .....


Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 47 km from Gurgaon, Nuh is a historical town and the district headquarters of Mewat district in Haryana. It is situated on the Delhi-Alwar Highway. The town assumed importance at the time of Bahadur Singh of Ghasera because of the trade in salt manufactured in neighboring villages.

There are several historical ruins around Nuh that date back to the 14th century. Prominent structures include the mosque and the tomb of Bahadur Khan Nahir. The highlight of these structures is the architecture and carvings on the red sandstone and grey quartzite. Chui Mai Pond is a rectangular ancient water tank with a cenotaph of red stone with beautiful carvings.

There is also a natural reservoir in Nalhad, a village 2 km from Nuh under the Aravalli Hills. The distinct feature of the reservoir is that its water keeps flowing out of the reservoir all round the year. There is also a Lord Shiva temple.

Tomb of Sheikh Musa is .....


Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 39 km from Bulandshahr, 55 km from Meerut, 58 km from Ghaziabad, 75 km from Noida, 83 km from New Delhi and 172 km from Mathura, Kuchesar is small village in Bulandshahr district of Uttar Pradesh. Kuchesar is an ideal weekend getaway from Delhi, Noida & Gurgaon. Kuchesar is known for the Kuchesar Fort, also known as Rao Raj Vilas, built by the Jat rulers.

The fort was built in the mid-18th century by the Jat rulers and is surrounded by a 100-acre mango grove. During 1740, the Jats became strong military power who originally belong to Mandoti in Haryana and were the descendants from the Jats of the Dalal sub-caste.

The Kuchesar Fort was brought into the Ajit Singh's family's possession in the 18th century when the Mughal emperor Najib-ud-Daulah bestowed the Jat family with the title of Rao Bahadur and the Jagir of Kuchesar comprising of 365 villages. The mud fort of Kuchesar was captured in 1763 but was recovered .....


Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 72 km from Alwar, 147 km from Jaipur and 121 km from New Delhi, Neemrana is an ancient historical town located on Delhi - Jaipur highway in Alwar district in Rajasthan. It is situated between Behror and Shahjahanpur and is among popular tourist places to visit near Delhi, Jaipur, Noida & Gurgaon for a day trip.

Neemrana town is famous for its magnificent Neemrana Fort Palace. It was built in 1464 AD, occupied by Chauhans till 1947. Neemrana became the third capital of the descendants of Prithviraj Chauhan III. Neemrana derived its name from a brave local chieftain Nimola Meo, who when defeated by the Chauhans, pleaded that his name be given to his lost kingdom. It was subsequently conquered by the Mughals and the Jats before reverting back to the Rajputs in 1775 when the princely state of Alwar was established.

Neemrana Fort Palace is located on a high hillock and .....


Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 38 km from Bulandshahr, 91 km from Gaziabad, 102 km from Noida & 123 km from New Delhi, Unchagaon is village situated near River Ganges at a distance of 36 km from Garhmukteswar in the state of Uttar Pradesh. It is an ideal place to visit from Delhi & Noida for a quick day trip. Unchagaon is known for sightings of Gangetic Dolphins.

Unchagaon is also famous for Unchagaon Fort. This is a mud fort built during 1850s and belonged to Rajput Zamindars. Now it is owned by Raja Surendra Pal Singh, who inherited it at the age of 10. This palace was renovated by Surendra Pal Singh and now part of it is opened as a heritage resort.

The imposing white facade of Fort is surrounded by well-manicured, lush verdant lawns. A section of the fort is still used by the Rajas as residence. Another part of the palace, The Court, used to be the main office of the Zamindars in the 18th century. Today, it has a conference hall and seven bedrooms that display the grandeur of the past. .....


Historical & Heritage | Lake & Backwater | Pilgrimage

At a distance of 26 km from Mathura, 148 km from New Delhi, and 25 km from Vrindavan, Kusum Sarovar is a huge tank, which belonged to the period of Lord Krishna, located between Govardhan and Radha Kund. Kusum Sarovar lies towards the right side of sacred parikrama path. It is among the ideal tourist places near Delhi & Noida for one day trip.

Kusum Sarovar is 450 feet long and 60 feet deep tank and features a flight of stairs on all sides. The Sarovar is believed to be the place where Radha along with gopikas used to collect flowers and meet Lord Krishna. Kadamba trees are found all over the place and it is said that Kadamba tree was the favorite tree of Lord Krishna. During the time of Lord Chaitanya (a great devotee of Lord Krishna), this place was known as Sumanah Sarovar. It is stated in the Chaitanya Charitamrita that Lord Chaitanya took bath here.

The Sarovar is surrounded by magnificent structures which were constructed by Jawahar Singh, the king of Bharatpur in the .....


Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 148 km from Jaipur, 160 km from Delhi, 117 km from Mathura and 172 km from Agra, Alwar is a city and administrative headquarters of Alwar district in the state of Rajasthan. Alwar is part of National Capital Region (NCR) and also famous for its Olive plantation in Tinkirudi. It is one of the popular tourist places near Delhi, Noida & Jaipur for 1-2 day trip.

Alwar is situated between small hills of Aravali range and has great historical importance. It was founded in 1049 by Maharaja Alaghraj. A Rajput state for a long time, Alwar eventually fell into the hands of Delhi Sultans in early 13th centuries. Marathas and Jats of Bharatpur also ruled this region for very short period. Rao Partap Singh, a Rajput prince took the Alwar Fort from Jat Raja of Bharatpur and laid down the foundation for modern Alwar.

Maharaja Pratap Singh, a Kachwaha Rajput belonging to the clan of Jaipur's rulers, won Alwar back and founded .....


Historical & Heritage | Wildlife

At a distance of 27 km from Fatehpur Sikri Railway Station and 58 km from Agra, the Keoladeo National Park formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is situated in Bharatpur, Rajasthan. It is among the top places to visit from Delhi and Agra cities.

Keoladeo National Park is located around a man-made wetland and was created in18th century by Maharaja Suraj Mal of Bharatpur. Formerly the private duck shooting reserve of the Maharajas of Bharatpur and the British Officials, this site was established as a bird sanctuary on 13th March 1976 under the name of Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. Later on 10th March 1982, the site was designated as a national park and was named Keoladeo Ghana National Park. In 1985, the Park was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

One of the finest bird parks in the world, Keoladeo, the name derives from an ancient Hindu temple, devoted to Lord Shiva, which stands at the center of the park. Ghana means .....


City | Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 214 km from Delhi, 242 km from Jaipur, 359 km from Lucknow, 576 km from Bhopal, 847 km from Patna and 876 Km from Ahmedabad, Agra, the land of the Taj Mahal, which is one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is situated on the banks of River Yamuna in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

Agra is one of the most popular tourist destinations of the World with three UNESCO World Heritage monuments - Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri & Red Fort. It is also among best weekend getaways near Delhi & Noida for a two day trip. Agra is one of the most populous cities in Uttar Pradesh and the 19th most populous in India. Agra is included on the Golden Triangle tourist circuit, along with Delhi and Jaipur.

Agra was first mentioned in the epic Mahabharata, where it was called Agrevana meaning the border of the forest. Sultan Sikandar Lodi (1488-1517) was the first to move his capital from Delhi to Agra in 1504. After his death in 1517, his .....


Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 37 km from Agra, 223 km from Delhi and 209 km from Jaipur, Fatehpur Sikri is a deserted fort city in the Agra District of Uttar Pradesh, India. UNESCO declared this complex as a World Heritage Site in 1986. It is one of the best heritage sites & forts in India and also a popular place to visit from Agra and also among ideal weekend getaways from Delhi & Noida cities.

Akbar, the greatest Mughal Emperor, was commissioned Fatehpur Sikri in 1569. The city was constructed to honour Sufi saint, Sheikh Salim Chisti, who used to live in a cavern on the ridge at Sikri. Akbar revered him very much as the Saint had blessed him with a son who was named Salim in 1569. Akbar shifted his capital from Agra to Sikri in 1571 and named the city as Fatehabad meaning victorious. This city served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 till 1585 and was later called Fatehpur Sikri. However, 15 years after it was established, the court .....


Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 16 km from Rishikesh, Narendra Nagar is a city and a municipal board in Tehri Garhwal district of Uttarakhand. It is situated on the main Rishikesh-Gangotri-Yamunotri route. The town is situated at an elevation of 1,326 m above sea level.

The present town of Narendra Nagar came into existence in 1919, when Maharaja Narendra Shah of Tehri Garhwal moved his capital from Tehri to the picturesque location of Odathali or Narendra Nagar. The last Maharaja, Manabendra Shah took over the control of Tehri Garhwal in 1946, from Maharaja Narendra Shah. The province was eventually merged with the state of Uttar Pradesh shortly after India gained independence.

This town is famous among the visitors for its mythological and historical importance. According to legend, sage Uddhava is known to have performed severe penance at this spot. Also, Purasara, the founder of astrology, has been known to conduct various experiments .....


Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 13 km from Jaipur Junction Railway Station, Amer Fort or Amber Fort is located in Amer near Jaipur. This heritage site is one of the most famous forts in Rajasthan and among the most visited Jaipur tourist places. Amber Fort is popularly represented in promotion of Jaipur Tourism.

Amber was founded by the Meenas in 967 AD and they dedicated the town to Amba, the Mother Goddess. Around 1037 AD, Amber was conquered by Kachhawa Rajputs and ruled it from the 11th to the 18th century, until the capital was moved from Amer to Jaipur. The Amber Fort was built by Raja Man Singh in 1592 AD and it was further expanded by successive rulers. Man Singh was one of the trusted generals of Emperor Akbar and one among the Navaratnas of his court. This fort is also very popularly known as the Amer Palace. Later in 1727 AD, Sawai Jai Singh II moved the capital from Amber to Jaipur.

The architecture of Amer Fort is influenced by .....


City | Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 268 km from Delhi, 240 km from Agra, 511 km from Chandigarh, 652 km from Ahmedabad, 612 km from Bhopal and 590 km from Lucknow, Jaipur, also known as the Pink City, is the capital of Rajasthan in Northern India. It is the 10th most populous city in India. Along with Delhi and Agra, Jaipur forms the Golden Triangle of Indian tourism. It is a popular tourist destination in India and serves as a gateway to other tourist destinations in Rajasthan such as Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Udaipur.

Jaipur is also among the best weekend getaways from Delhi & Noida for a 2 day trip. The city of Jaipur was founded on 18th November 1727 by Maharaja Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amer, when he planned to shift his capital from Amer. It is believed that Jaipur was India's first planned city and was .....


Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 75 km from Jaipur, 87 km from Alwar & 247 km from New Delhi, Bhangarh Fort is one of the medieval forts of Rajasthan located in Bhangarh town of Alwar district.

The town of Bhangarh was established in 1573 during the rule of Bhagwant Das. The Bhangarh fort was built in 1613 by Madho Singh, who was the son of Man Singh of Amber, a great Mughal General. The fort is considered to be one of the most haunted places in India. Because of the numerous ghostly experiences and happenings in the fort premises, villages have sprung up far away from the fort. The Archaeological Survey of India has forbidden the locals and tourists from entering the fort at night.

The fort and the town of Bhangarh are believed to be haunted since many centuries. There are several legends associated with the palace. According to one story, the town was cursed by a magician Guru Balu Nath who had sanctioned the construction of the town on one condition that the city will be destroyed the .....


Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 52 km from Shimla and 33.5 km from Solan, Kuthar Fort is located in Solan district of Himachal Pradesh. Kuthar Fort is about 800 years old and it is one of the main places to visit near Solan.

Kuthar Fort was originally built by the Gurkha Kings 800 years ago when they ruled over this part of the land. Some portions of the fort are 80 years old. Sprawling over an expanse of 52.8 sq km, this fort features beautiful gardens, fresh-water springs and ancient temples within the complex. Fresh water springs flowing within the fort are a rare sight that every visitor admires. You can also visit several scenic attractions like Kunihar, the Gurkha fort of Subathu and the hill station of Kasauli.

Situated at an altitude of about 1300 m, the Kuthar fort is set at the hilltop of the Kuthar Mountains and commands a magnificent view of the snow-capped peaks of Shimla, Subathu fort and a wide range of Himalayas. The fort exhibits impressive .....


Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 38 km from Shimla, Arki is a small town situated at 4100 ft above sea level in the Solan district. Arki Fort is one of the famous historical sites near Shimla.

Arki was the former capital of the ancient hill-state of Baghal, which was founded by Raja Ajai Dev, a Panwar Rajput during 1660-65 AD. The state was founded around 1643 and Arki was declared its capital by Rana Sabha Chand in 1650. The Arki Fort was built between 1800 and 1805 by Rana Prithvi Singh, a descendent of Sabha Chand. The fort was captured by the Gurkhas in 1806. Rana Jagat Singh, the ruler of Baghal had to take refuge in Nalagarh. The Gurkha General Amar Singh Thapa made use of Arki to further the advances in Himachal Pradesh, from 1806 to 1815. Rana Jagat Singh got back the control of Arki afterwards.

The fort offers both the historical legends and artistic creations to the tourists. Rana Shiv Sharan Singh laid down the foundation of the famous Diwankhana .....


Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 20 km from Almora and 30 km from Ranikhet, Katarmal Sun Temple is an ancient Hindu temple situated at Katarmal village in Almora district of Uttarakhand.

Katarmal Temple is dedicated to Lord Burhadita or Vriddhaditya (the old Sun God) and is one of the famous historical places of Kumaon hills in Uttarakhand. The present image of Surya in the temple dates back to 12th century. Built in the 9th century by Katarmalla, a Katyuri king, this temple is perched at an altitude of 2116 m.

The Sun Temple is noted for its magnificent architecture and is a monument of historical importance. The temple complex has one main temple surrounded by 45 smaller exquisitely carved temples. The idols of Shiva-Parvati and Lakshmi-Narayana can also be spotted in this temple. The building faces the east in a way such that the first rays of the sun fall on the Shiva Lingam. Stone-built walls, intricate figures, beautiful pillar carvings and exquisitely cut out wooden doors are among .....


Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 34 km from Ranikhet & 77 km from Almora, Dwarahat is an ancient town situated in Almora district of Uttarakhand. It is famous for its ancient temples which were constructed mainly by the Katyuri kings and are maintained by ASI.

Dwarahat, which means Way to Heaven, was once the principal seat of the Katyuri kings whose empire was stretched from the Sutlez River in the west to river Gandak in the east, and from the Himalayas to the plains, including the whole of Rohelkhand. Later it came under the rule of the Chand Rajas of Kumaon in the sixteenth century.

Dwarahat has 55 ancient temples of exquisite architectural excellence, divided into 8 groups. Some temples now have great archaeological value. These were constructed in the Indo-Aryan, Maru-Pratihara or Nagara type. The temples are constructed mainly of masonry blocks of Pre-Cambrian granite available in the nearby area. Instead of mortar, iron clamps and dowels have been used to tie adjoining blocks.


Historical & Heritage | Pilgrimage

At a distance of 97 km from Shimla & 84 km from Kufri, Hatkoti Temples are located in Hatkoti village of Jubbal. The Hatkoti temples are a group of temples located on the scenic banks of River Jabbar. Hatkoti is one of the popular pilgrimage places in Himachal Pradesh.

The Hatkoti Temple is an abode of goddess Mahishasurmardini, an incarnation of Goddess Durga. The statue of the goddess is 1.2 m in height and made of eight precious metals. The idol depicts the goddess with ten arms, riding a lion, carrying weapons and slaying the demon Mahishasura. There is an inscription on both sides of the idol that no one has been able to decode so far.

The complex also has a separate temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temples also boast of five idols, which ideally represent the five Pandava brothers of the Mahabharata period. These idols are arranged in accordance to their size with the first one being the largest.

According to the history, .....


Historical & Heritage

At a distance of 90 kms from Shimla & 76 km from Kufri, Jubbal Palace is among the most prominent places to see in Jubbal. The Palace situated at an altitude of 7000 ft above sea level is one of the popular heritage sites in Himachal state.

Designed by a French architect in 1930, the Palace architecture is a blend of Chinese, Indian and European styles. The Jubbal Palace is colored in cream hue and is admired with sloping roofs and red chimneys. The lower portion of the Palace known as Rana's abode consists of sandstone and is noteworthy for the vast stacks of deodar timber used in its structure. The modern wing of the Palace has an Indo-European design and feel with convoluted wooden ceilings and the works. The deodar wood from the surrounding forest was used for the construction of the Palace structures. Another beautiful aspect is the stunning display of the collection of ancient guns used by the royal families of Jubbal. In the interiors, .....


Historical & Heritage | Hill Station

At a distance of 9 km from McLeod Ganj, 16 km from Kangra, 84 km from Pathankot, 115 km from Dalhousie, 194 km from Kullu, 234 km from Manali, 237 km from Shimla, and 486 km from Delhi, Dharamshala is a hill station in Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh. At an average altitude of 1,475 m above sea level, it is one of the best hill stations in Himachal state and among most famous Himachal places to visit apart from being a popular weekend getaways from Delhi for a 2 day trip.

This is the gateway to the Kangra valley and also the headquarters of Kangra district. The city was destroyed by a massive earthquake in the year 1905 and was reconstructed to become a health resort and a popular tourist destination. In the year 1960, Dharamshala became a temporary headquarters to His Holiness Dalai Lama. Today, it is known as Little Lhasa or Dhasa, because .....


Historical & Heritage | Hill Station

At a distance of 9 km from Dharamshala, 20 km from Kangra, 92 km from Pathankot, 122 km from Dalhousie, 198 km from Kullu, 238 km from Manali, 240 km from Shimla, and 490 km from Delhi, McLeod Ganj, also spelt McLeodGanj, is a town situated in the Upper Dharamshala region of Kangra District of Himachal Pradesh. Surrounded by the Dhauladhar ranges, McLeodGanj lies at an average altitude of 2082 m. Considered as a twin city of Dharamshala, McLeodGanj is one of the popular Places to visit in Himachal Pradesh.

Earlier, McLeodGanj was inhabited by the indigenous Gaddi tribes and dominated by one of the world's earliest royal clans; the Katoch Dynasty. Later, it came under the rule of the British after Second Anglo-Sikh War in 1849 AD and was named after Sir Donald Friell McLeod, a Lieutenant Governor of Punjab. Initially it was a summer resort of the British during the 1840s and became a garrison town .....

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