About Bidar

Ideal Trip Duration: 1-2 Days

Base Station: Bidar

Nearest City to Bidar: Hyderabad (140 Kms)

Best Time to Visit Bidar: October to March

Peak Season: October to March

State: Karnataka | District: Bidar

Bidar Weather: Summer: Maximum - 44°C & Minimum - 25°C
Winter: Maximum - 30°C & Minimum - 10°C

At a distance of 116 km from Gulbarga, 639 km Bangalore and 140 km from Hyderabad, Bidar is a town and district headquarters located in the north-eastern part of Karnataka. Bidar is one of the most popular tourist places to visit near Hyderabad and one of the famous Hyderabad weekend getaways from a two day trip.

It is lies at an altitude of 2,200 feet on Deccan plateau overlooking the Manjira river valley. Bidar is among the well known Karnataka tourist places. It is bounded by Nizamabad and Medak districts of Telangana on the eastern side, Latur and Osmanabad districts of Maharashtra on the western side, Nanded district of Maharashtra on the northern side and Gulbarga district on southern side. Bidar has great historical importance and it is one of the important heritage sites in Karnataka.

The history of Bidar goes back to 3rd century BC, and it was ruled by Mauryas, Satavahanas, Kadambas and Chalukyas of Badami, Rashtrakutas and later Kalyani Chalukyas. For a short period after Kalyani Chalukyas Bidar was under the Yadavas of Devgiri and Kakatiyas of Warangal.

Delhi rulers first headed by Allauddin Khilji and later Muhammed-bin-Tughluq took control of entire Deccan including Bidar. In the middle of the 14th century, the Deccan region disintegrated and formed the Bahmani Sultanate in 1347 AD under the rule of Bahman Shah. The Bahamani kingdom shifted their kingdom from Gulbarga to Bidar in the year 1429. In 1430, Ahmed Shah Wali Bahmani took steps to develop the city of Bidar and its fort was rebuilt. After break up of Bahamani Kingdom in 1527 AD, the city became capital of Barid Shahis who ruled up to 1619 AD. In the mid 17th century, when Aurangzeb conquered Deccan, Bidar became part of the Mughal Empire. The Nizam rulers of Hyderabad took over Bidar in the early part of the 18th century. It became part of the unified Mysore state in 1956, when all the states were reorganized on the basis of language.

Bidar has a number of historical monuments dating back to 15th century. These monuments reflect the glory of the Bahamani rulers. The main tourist attraction of Bidar is the Fort, which was built by Ahmad Shah in 1430. The Rangin Mahal, Solah Kambh Masjid, Gagan Mahal, Diwan-e-Am, Royal Pavilion, Tarkash Mahal are other important places to be seen within the fort. Tombs of Bahmani Rulers, Tombs of the Barid Shahis, Madrassa of Mahmud Gawan, Chaubara, Guru Nank Basavakalyan, Humnabad, Narasimha Jharniand papnash temple are the other attractions in Bidar.

Bidar is known for its unique Bidri handicraft products. The name of Bidar appears to be derived from Biduru which means bamboo.

The best time to visit Bidar is during the post-monsoon and winter seasons, which lasts from October through March.

It usually takes 1-2 full days to visit all places in Bidar.

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Other Info
Internet Availability: Good
STD Code: 08482
Languages Spoken: Kannada, Telugu, Hindi, English
Major Festivals: Details Not Available
Notes/Tips:
None

How to Reach Bidar

By Air

Nearest Airport: Hyderabad - Rajiv Gandhi International Airport (148 Kms)

By Train

Nearest Train Station: Bidar Railway Station (0 Kms)

By Bus

Nearest Bus Station: Bidar Bus Station (3 Kms)

Top 10 Places to Visit in Bidar

Heritage

#1 of 22 Places to Visit in Bidar

At a distance of 2.5 km from Bidar Railway Station, Bidar Fort is one of the magnificent forts in Karnataka and main tourist attraction of Bidar.

The initial Bidar Fort is considered to have been built during the reign of the Western Chalukya dynasty which was established in 977 AD at Kalyani. Subsequently, it was captured by the Yadava dynasty of Devagiri and fell yet again to the Kakatiyas of Warangal. Bidar Fort was rebuilt by Sultan Ahmed Shah Wali of Bahmani Dynasty, when his capital was moved from Gulbarga to Bidar in 1430 along with a number of Islamic monuments.

The Bidar fort is a specimen of the Persian architectural style having 1.21 km in length and 0.80 km in breadth, with a quadrangular layout. Surrounded by three miles long walls and comprising 37 bastions, it is surrounded by a triple moat.

There are seven gates in the fort. The dominant main gate exhibits .....

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Heritage

#2 of 22 Places to Visit in Bidar

At a distance of 2 km from Bidar Railway Station, Mahmud Gawan Madarsa is one of the major historical structures and a beautiful structure situated between the Fort and Chaubara Clock Tower.

Mahmud Gawan Madarsa is an old Islamic university built by Khwaza Mahmud Gawan in 1472. Mahmud Gawan was a Persian merchant who arrived in the Bahamani Sultanate at around 1453 AD. Due to his honesty, simplicity and knowledge he impressed the Bahamani Kings. He ultimately reached to the post of prime minister and was much respected among the local population.

Gawan had built a large madarsa at the centre of Bidar with his own money. It functioned like a university, in the same way as other contemporary madarsas of West and Central Asia and Saharan Africa. The architectural style of the madarsa strongly resembles the buildings of Samarkand.

The Madarsa had an imposing three-story building with 100 feet tall minarets in four corners. .....

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Pilgrimage

#3 of 22 Places to Visit in Bidar

At a distance of 5 km from Bidar Railway Station, Narasimha Jhira is a wonderful cave temple situated on the outskirts of Bidar town.

The Narasimha Jhira Cave Temple is dedicated to the lion god Narasimha, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. It is also known as Narasimha Zarna Cave temple or Jharani Narasimha Temple. People throng to this temple because it is believed that the idol at the Narasimha Jhira Cave temple is self manifested and is very powerful.

The Temple is known for its natural beauty and is considered to be very sacred. This ancient temple is excavated in a 300 m tunnel under the Manichoola hill range. Within the cave, a stream of water is said to be flowing continuously since the foundation of the temple. Devotees have to walk waist deep in the water for 300 m for the darshan of Lord Narasimha.

According to mythology, Lord Narasimha first killed Hiranyakashipu and then proceeded to slay the demon Jalasura who .....

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Heritage

#4 of 22 Places to Visit in Bidar

At a distance of 2.5 km from Bidar Railway Station, Rangin Mahal is a beautiful palace situated inside the Bidar Fort.

The Rangin Mahal positioned near the Gumbad Gate, is one of the best preserved sites in Bidar Fort. The mahal is famous for its beautiful wood carvings, fascinating tile mosaics and Mother of Pearl decorations.

Rangin Mahal was constructed during the reign of King Ali Barid Shah of Baridshahi dynasty (1542 - 1580). Ali Barid Shah was a great patron of Persian poetry and art. Rangin Mahal literally means 'Colored Palace' and this name was apparently given to it on account of its walls being originally decorated with tiles of different hues, traces of which still exist.

The design of the Rangin Mahal represents the blend of the both Hindu and Muslim architectures. The palace has two floors consisting of a hall with rooms. The Mahal features five-bay hall that comprises of carved wood columns in rectangular .....

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Heritage | Pilgrimage

#5 of 22 Places to Visit in Bidar

At a distance of 2.8 km from Bidar Railway Station, Solah Khamba Mosque is ancient mosque situated inside Bidar Fort.

The Solah Khamba Mosque was built by Qubil Sultani between 1423 and 1424 AD. The Mosque derives its name from the 16 pillars that are lined in the front of the structure. It is also called Zanana Masjid as it is situated near the Zanana enclosure.

The Solah Khamba Mosque or sixteen columned prayer hall is the oldest Muslim building in Bidar. The Mosque is a part of Bidar fort situated after Rangin Mahal. This Mosque served as the principal place of worship within the fort.

This Mosque is about 90 m long and 24 m wide. The outer construction of the Mosque consists of a long row of arched openings. The massive columns, arches and domes are attractive. The parapet of interlocking battlements above is a Bahmani addition. Its flattish central dome is raised on a .....

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Heritage

#6 of 22 Places to Visit in Bidar

At a distance of 2.8 km from Bidar Railway Station, Tarkash Mahal is situated south of Lal Bagh Gardens, beside Solah Khambha Masizd inside the Bidar Fort.

The Tarkash Mahal was originally built for the Turkish wife of a Bahmani sultan between 14-15th centuries. The upper parts of the palace were built during the Baridi rule. The decorative work of the Baridi reign is seen in the upper levels of the building.

At present, there is no access to the inner parts of the building due to the ruined condition of the structure. The upper parts can reached by a flight of steps which also lead to the roof of the Solah Khamba Mosque. In the middle, there is a hall with arched openings and was beautifully decorated with tiles and stucco work. The roof of the hall has fallen and originally there was another floor above it, the remains of which in the shape of two arches can still be there.

There are smaller rooms on either side of the .....

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Heritage

#7 of 22 Places to Visit in Bidar

At a distance of 1.6 km from Basavakalyan Bus Stand, 80 km from Bidar and 78 km from Gulbarga, Basavakalyan Fort, earlier known as Kalyani Fort is located in the town of Basavakalyan.

Basavakalyan Fort is considered to be one of the oldest and most imposing forts in South India. It was built by King Nalaraja in the 10th century. Basavakalyan, earlier known as Kalyani, was the royal capital of the Western Chalukyan Dynasty from 1050 to 1189. The name was changed to Basavakalyan in 1956. It is named after Basaveshwara, a spiritual scholar from 12th century. During the rule of Chalukyas, Jainism flourished and a large number of Jain images were carved on the walls of the forts by Chalukya kings.

This fort was ruled by Yadavas of Devagiri, Kalachuris, Western Chalukyas, Bijapur Sultanate, Bidar Sultanate, Bahamani Sultanate and Hyderabad Nizams. After the fall of Western Chalukyas in 12th century the fort lost its important though small additions to the fort were continued further. .....

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Heritage

#8 of 22 Places to Visit in Bidar

At a distance of 5 km from Bidar Railway Station and 1 km from Bahmani Tombs, Chaukhandi of Hazrat Khalil Ullah is located at Ashtur.

Chaukhandi of Hazrat Khalil Ullah is a tomb built in honour of the renowned Hazrat Khalil Ullah. He was the spiritual adviser of Sultan Ahmed Shah. The tomb is known for its beautiful architecture, which features calligraphy and stone work above the arched doorways with carved granite pillars and adorned walls of the structure.

Chaukhandi of Hazrat Khalil Ullah is one of the prominent historical monuments in Bidar. The tomb is a two story octagon with a freestanding square domed tomb chamber within, entered through a large gateway with pointed arches. The outer octagonal curtain wall has arched recesses flanked by panels with diagonal squares; all outlined in black carved stone bands and covered in colored tile work. Inscriptions of Koranic verses adorn the doorway. The walls are decorated with stucco work both inside and outside. The calligraphy .....

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Pilgrimage

#9 of 22 Places to Visit in Bidar

At a distance of 2.5 km from Bidar Railway Station, Gurudwara Nanak Jhira Sahib is a Sikh historical shrine and one of the important pilgrimage sites in Bidar.

Gurudwara Nanak Jhira Sahib was built in the year 1948 and is dedicated to the first Sikh Guru Nanak Dev Ji. The Gurudwara is established in a nice valley, surrounded by laterite hills on three sides. The shrine comprises Darbar Sahib, Diwan Hall and Langar Hall. In the sukhaasan room, Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikh is placed.

According to the History, Guru Nanak Devji along with his disciple Mardana visited Bidar during his second Udasi around 1512 AD. While he was visiting this place, Guru Nanak sat on the outskirts of the village on the foot of a hill. When people came to know about Guru Sahib, they started gathering here. They told Guru Nanak about the scarcity of water and also that the water available in Bidar was salty and unfit for drinking. It is believed that after hearing the plight of the residents, .....

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Pilgrimage

#10 of 22 Places to Visit in Bidar

At a distance of 4 km from Bidar Railway Station, Papanash Temple is a popular temple and another worth visiting place in Bidar. This Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva.

According to the legend, Lord Rama installed the Shiva linga in this temple on his way back to Ayodhya from Lanka. The original temple was lost and a new temple has been built on the ruins. This temple is located in a beautiful valley. In the sanctum, there is a big Shiva Linga with three other Shiva Lingas in the temple complex where devotees can offer pujas.

There is a large pond at the foot of the temple which is constantly fed by a natural spring. This pond is known as Papanash, meaning destroyer of sins. Hence many devotees come here and holy dip in this pond is believed to cleanse the soul of devotee from all the sins.

Shivaratri is the major festival celebrated at this temple which attracts large number of tourists.

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